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Extract covering the “Letitia/Hesperus/Anne” journey to Hobart,


“A Story of a Pioneer Family in Van Dieman’s Land”

by Kate Hamilton Dougharty – published in Hobart in 1953.






Extract Begins:

The conclusion was that William and family would go ahead to Van Dieman’s Land……… and Humphrey, his family and three servants who wished to accompany them, would arrange with others wishing to emigrate, and would charter a sailing vessel and follow……………Meanwhile,……various friends wishing to travel with them, had combined to charter a vessel,and they had chosen one named “Letitia”. The Captain had good references and would engage a crew……………………….


Mattie was a tower of strength. She and her son, Paddy Barnes,[1] would go to the end of the earth to be with the Greys, so they took it for granted that (they) would go to V.D.L. too. Mattie was given two cases, one for her personal belongings and the other for kitchen requirements. Some of her clothes got short shift when she stuffed in amongst them, a big iron kettle and some heavy iron saucepans.


Indeed, when she went on board, underneath her inherited green Donegal cape, her two favourite pots were tied securely round her waist. She had every intention of interviewing and routing the cook in his galley, making him clearly understand, that if she wished to cook there, she would brook no interference. She was, however, so smiling and confident, that he soon wondered if the galley were his or hers!


There was so much to think over. The girls wrote long lists for their mother – china, cutlery, glass, linen and a little of their old furniture. A big couch, some Chippendale chairs and the harpsichord on which they had already learnt their notes. Some books and rugs, a few home remedies for colds, beds, but not the beautiful four-poster which they hoped to get out later on, also wearing; apparel for all seasons (were there any shops in V.D.L.?).

They packed very few ornaments and only one or two pictures, and lastly, a painting by an artistic Grey of their home, Roscomroe. Everything must be ready a week before sailing. The two Humphreys packed the best available farm implements. They also bought clothes and hats suitable for the climate. Letters from V.D.L. made suggestions about what to bring, and hopefully, they packed good riding outfits.

The question of food was very pressing. In 1826, no fruits or vegetables could be preserved for long, so when those they had were used, then they must trust to getting more at various ports. Captain Cook’s early experience taught them to get cases of lemons or limes to prevent scurvy, liable to those who were obliged to live on salted butter and meat.

No tins of powdered or preserved milk had yet appeared, so Betsy, the little cow, had to travel with them, in the anxious care of Paddy Barnes. They hoped, if possible, to get a goat, for the Greys were not the only children on board, and milk was precious. There were a few crates of fowls and eggs, as a special treat. No one thought of preserving any. Lastly, a sow and piglets.

The last two or three days at Roscomroe were crowded. Neighbours came to bid them farewell, bringing gifts that they hoped would be useful. Young men, feeling the stir of adventure, called to note all the preparations. Many of them were Humphrey’s co-officers, eager to hear all they could. They sent messages or letters to friends in New South Wales or Van Diemen’s Land, with rather sketchy addresses. Ideas of geography were vague in those days and there was no post. A letter might be addressed –

Mrs. Prim,

New South Wales,

New Zealand and Van Diemen’s Land.

so it was just a matter of luck where it did land!

The Greys were asked to take delivery of a number of letters and guessing what a joy it must be to receive them, undertook to do their best, but is was understood that it might be a year or more before the right owner was found.

On board, Mrs. Grey tried not to sigh when she saw the cramped saloon, narrow cabins and hard berths, which were to comprise their home for many months. The two elder girls understood, and with Mattie’s help, tried to make things as comfortable as possible.

Henrietta and Lysbeth did not worry. Everything to them was exciting and it was only because of Biddy’s anxious care that they did not go head foremost down the hold. They were determined to miss nothing.

The sea was not very friendly for a few days, and no one was very happy. Then the gentlemen on board made a startling discovery. They knew very little about sailing, but apparently the crew, who had come aboard simply as means of getting to the colony, knew less, and in spite of his forcible language, the, Captain gave them little inducement to learn.

He seemed to know his job, and, fortunately as it turned out, the younger men took every chance to learn about the rigging and steering, and would climb up the masts daily, watching the coast- line and looking out for passing craft. The Captain had not been long at sea when he appeared to have a mighty thirst, and was often incapable, so the passengers had not only to put their new knowledge to the test, but also had to take over the management of the crew.

The voyage was a tremendous trial of endurance for the mothers. The food and accommodation question, and the anxiety about the health of their families, and their own health, no doctors were aboard, and the constant not-to-be-spoken-of worry as to what lay at the end of the journey, was always with them. Yet, there were days they enjoyed. The ship, looking beautiful, sailed on a calm .sea, with an even keel, and they sat on deck in the sunshine,

There were dreadful days too, when the little ship was only .a cockle-shell tossed on mountainous waves. All women and children were battened down below and not allowed on deck. Their men-kind, weary and worn, did not dare go to bed except for short intervals.

Then Mattie, a good sailor; rose to the occasion, She took supreme command of the galley, and was able to produce hot stews and boiling drinks at all hours. Like Mrs. Gummidge, so many men wanted to marry her, that she threatened to empty a bucket of dirty water over them if they persisted!

They must have been at sea a month when Humphrey wrote to his cousin.


Dear John,

I expect you will hear ere this reaches you of our shipwreck. We are, thank God, all safe, though with an entire loss of property, except for a few torn rags that we got on the shore, next day. On the 15th of August, we came to anchor in Porto Prayo Island of St. Jago, to take in water as what we had on board was very bad. It came on to blow, which occasioned a swell and the ship rolled much. It was deemed advisable to let go the second anchor, which was neglected by the Captain.


We were then in 8 fathoms of water with less than 30 :fathoms of chain, and about 3 o”clock on the evening of the 19th she parted from the anchor, the chain breaking. Then, too late, the second anchor was let go, but did not hold.


You can imagine what a situation we were in, leaving the boat and getting most of the passengers ashore. A signal was made, which brought a boat alongside. We instantly got all the .Ladies and Children in her and sent them ashore. Shortly after (at 4 o’clock), she struck on the rocks, in a dreadful surf.


She soon began to fill and her masts to roll which made it -dangerous to stay near her. I remained till her lower deck was forced up to the upper one. I am sorry to say that no exertion ‘was made to save the Ship or Cargo. The wind abated before the chain broke. I wanted Clements to let the kedge anchor be run from the ship, but he would take no notice of what any person said.


We can never give sufficient thanks to the Almighty, for, had it happened at night, I think we would not be saved.


 From the great heat of the weather, the Ladies had on only a gown, no coat, and the gentlemen, jacket and trousers, and in that state, we are now obliged to remain, for want of others to change them. I have seen some shipwrecks, but anything to equal this, I have never witnessed. She was actually torn to pieces! We have experienced much kindness from Mr Goodwin, the British Consul, who provided us with provisions and lodgings during our stay, and a passage for as many as wished to go to Rio de Janeiro.


We left some of our passengers on the Island of St. Jago, who intended to return to Ireland by America, viz, Mr. Page, (son to Page, a stockbroker in Dublin) Mr. Hill, Dublin, Mr. Roberts, near Derry, and Doctor Clerk, of Skibbereen, Mrs. Weston and child (of Cork) who went on in the Mary of London the next day. She did not save a stitch of clothing nor a shilling of money. Mr. Murphy, of Dublin, also went in the Mary.


Now we have on board – Captain Allen, Master, bound to Rio, Mr. Moore of Dublin, his wife, four children and servant, Mr. Pentland, the Supercargo, Mr Onge, Dublin, Captain Moriarty, his wife, child and two friends of his – steerage passengers, Captain Clements’ wife and two children, Mr. L. W. Clerk (Skibbereen), and Mr. Popham from near Bandon. Also part of our former crew.

I must give you an account of our proceedings since we left Cork Harbour. We went to sea with the worst crew that ever was shipped on board any vessel. They could hardly work out of Cove. Repeatedly the Pilot said the crew knew nothing about the management of the ship. Mr  Harris, the Customs House Officer, on taking leave of Captain Moriarty’s child, said, “My dear, I hope you may arrive in New South Wales, but I foresee it will not be in the Letitia!”


We had only five hands on board that knew anything about seamanship, and three of them were as great villains as could be met with. They were picked up in Cove, as the crew that shipped on board in Dublin left her in Cove.  Repeatedly, these fellows said the ship would be lost for want of hands to work her. Clements said he would put into Madeira and ship three or four more hands. Instead of doing so, he went into the harbour, and finding the Port charges would be about £6, he stood out to sea putting us at the mercy of the waves, with a promise to put into Pernambuco for fresh water and provisions – Our water was bad four days after we left Cork as the casks that contained it were dirty and bad.


Almost every day there was a row between the Captain, passengers and crew. We were blessed with a fair wind from two -days after we sailed, until we anchored at Porta Prayo.


Your affectionate cousin, Humphrey


P.S. We arrived in Rio de Janeiro on Sunday, Oct. 5th., after a passage of 39 days from St. Jago, and came to lodge at Hotel de L’empire on Oct., 8th., 1826.


There they lived for about two years[2], in spite of many anxious enquiries in search of a suitable ship in which to continue their journey. At first it had been delightful to be on solid ground- have comfortable beds and good, though strangely prepared, food, but the terrible experiences they had been through, and the knowledge that they had not reached their journey’s end, made them long to leave. Also they had lost all their possessions, so carefully selected and packed, with which they had intended to furnish their new home.

Not one of the party could understand or speak Portuguese, and though there was a British Consul they could turn to, they longed to be with their own people. Fortunately, at the time of the wreck, Major Humphrey had been wearing a belt of sovereigns, which he had brought for contingencies, and he got these ashore safely, so there was enough for immediate necessities, and the Consul was very ready to help.

The children found everything exciting – they were too young to worry. With Martha and Biddy, they explored the very narrow streets of the town with its overhanging balconies, from which they could hear the voices and the lutes of lovers. They could not go out in the heat of the day. It was usually at dusk, just before their bedtime that they went, until Mrs. Grey realised that they were picking up the language and its meaning, much too quickly for her peace of mind, yet she could not keep them indoors all day.

The streets in Rio were curious in some respects, there was no mixture of different types of shops. The whole of one street might be shoe shops, the next all riding necessities and so on.

Mrs. Grey veiled herself and the girls like the Portuguese women, for Margaret’s golden-haired beauty and the freshness of their complexions had been attracting rather embarrassing attentions.

Soon after landing, the Governor of the district, who had heard of the shipwreck, sent to make kind enquiries and to invite the men of the party, with the Consul, to dinner at Government House. Everything was beautiful, but it was entirely a man’s dinner, neither a sign nor mention of ladies, so they took it for granted, the Governor was unmarried. He sent beautiful flowers and fruit to the Hotel for the ladies, and shortly afterwards called on them. He was a clever, good-looking man, with charming manners and liked to send his carriage and invite the whole family to take historical excursions with him, when he was out on circuit.

He was particularly charming to Margaret, so her parents were not altogether surprised when, at the end of a year, he asked her hand in marriage. She really liked him. They all did, but her father would not let her be pressed for an answer, She was after all, not quite 17, and the Governor twice her age.

Would she be happy with a foreigner and speaking a different language, though that trouble would soon be got over? But the life would be so strange to any she had known and she would have to change her religion to his.

“N0” her father decided. He thanked the Governor for the honour he wished to pay them, said he would tell Margaret but added that no pressure must be brought on her, He thought it might be six months or more before she would be expected to decide. She was very astonished when told. Though she knew that all girls married at seventeen or eighteen, she did not want to live far from her own people.

At last, a suitable ship was found and passages for all were taken on her, Mrs Grey had bought what china and furniture she could, to replace what had been lost, as nearly as possible. This, as well as a large quantity of tobacco, bought by the Major and his friends, had been sent on board, The cousins, though neither he nor they, cared for smoking, had written, saying it was much sought after in V.D.L. and as it grew profusely in Rio it might be a good speculation to bring some with them. The Greys had also been able to get a few fowls and another Betsy, though she was a reminder of the poor little one they had heard mooing at sea.

It was only a week before leaving. The Governor had gone off ‘on circuit’, but had written to say he would return two days before they left. He hoped that Margaret would think over and then accept his proposal. They need take no trouble about the wedding. He would see to everything. Her parents talked over things anxiously It Margaret married him, she would be certain of care and luxury, and the life in V.D.L. was so uncertain.

The day before they expected the Governor, the Greys all went for a country drive to a part they had not seen before. Practically all their luggage was on board so they had nothing to worry about. As they drove along they admired the very beautiful harbour and then noticed a fine white house in a lovely terraced garden.

The Major said to the driver of their coach “Whose house is that ?” and the man, smiling, replied, “That senhor, is the house for the Governor’s ladies.” The Major could not believe his ears. He looked, with horror, at Humphrey who was listening, then said “Do you mean His Excellency’s mother and sisters ?” “Oh no,” said the man, still smiling, “I mean the wives of Don Ameche.” “Perhaps the senhor does not know he has three ‘i”

The Senhor did not! He lost his breath for a moment, He let the drive go on as planned, then told the man they must return to the Hotel and on the way was quietly and quickly telling Humphrey what he had planned. He knew it would only lead to trouble to confront the villain and tell him exactly what he thought of him.

They must smuggle their dear, beautiful Margaret on board and keep her hidden until they had sailed. They would drive near the ship, the “Mary Ann,” then Humphrey, the girls and Biddy, would ask to be allowed to walk and go. to the: ship. This was not unusual as they had been there several times. The parents would say that they wished to go to the Hotel and rest, but Humphrey would accompany the girls to their cabin. He would promise to explain later to Margaret, then go off to consult the Captain, a fine trustworthy man. Should the captain have finished loading, he might, considering the circumstances and that the Greys were the largest party on board, arrange to get out to sea by an earlier tide. The Greys’ would notify the other passengers and they would all be safely away before Ameche returned to cause trouble.

The parents, Martha and Barnes, would take their usual evening walk but, this time, would go on board and as soon as possible, the captain would put off to sea. His father told Humphrey to lock the girls in their cabin and stay near it. He felt so furious, poor man and so insulted. Should he write and put in plain words what he thought of Ameche? No, the only thing to do was to run away.

Everything turned out as they had planned. Martha, with her son Barnes, quickly grasped the situation. She took his arm and in her cloak and mantilla, with a new pot under each arm, went on board. But she was determined, before she left to get even with the Don. She was not surprised to hear of ‘his villainy’! She had never liked him in spite of his good looks and charm. Never, never, would he have been good enough for her lovely Miss Margaret.

She knew of the costly gifts he had tried to bring Margaret, and that only flowers and fruit had been accepted. But several times lately, beautiful glass vases had accompanied the flowers, and it seemed paltry to return these, so Martha, taking a last look into Margaret’s room and telling no one, threw the flowers on the floor and trampled on them. Then, with her shoe, she smashed the vases and added the pieces to the flowers.

That was the only message left for, Don Ameche. He came, bearing exquisite flowers, and was told the birds had flown. He couldn’t believe it and insisted on seeing Margaret’s room, hoping for a note, but all he saw was Martha’s work, because, with the usual Portuguese “manana” (to-morrow) the room not being in use, had been left untouched. Humiliation indeed for a proud man, and by the time his first rage had expended itself on everyone near he had to realise that British subjects on a British ship, on the high seas were untouchable.



Poor Mrs. Grey! In her wildest dreams, she could not have imagined that it was heaven to lie on a hard berth in a narrow ships cabin, but oh, the relief of knowing that once more they were amongst their own countrymen and that no unforseen danger threatened them!

Every morning, after breakfast they would have morning prayers and give thanks for the day’s safe journey, and in her thoughts she would add “I thank Thee, 0 God that Margaret is still with us.” She seemed as if she could not bear any of her family out of her sight, and the ship, being small made things easy for her

It could not be said that Margaret, in spite of the terror from which she had escaped, refrained from mischief and from causing havoc amongst eligible males. She had only to lift her long lashes and look at them admiringly when they climbed down from the rigging, up which they went daily, for them to land at her feet. Humphrey junior took her to task more than once, but after a short time gave it up. The minx could look so troubled and so innocent! Let them look after themselves!

Catherine was more reserved and shy, so was little eight year-old Henrietta, with her very big, deep blue eyes, her aquiline nose and long silky brown plaits. She was such a wise little woman, loving to mother her dolls, or anyone who was kind enough to have a headache! She had one great friend on board, John T. -, a young Scot[3], the son of a shipowner who was on his way to see what trade could be done between V.D.L. and India by their ships. He was so gentle and kind, even made a house for the dolls, and he had been about the world with his father.

Mrs. Grey was pleased when he came to show them the wonders of the sea, a school of porpoises playing happily near the ship, or flying fish, like fluorescent birds in the light of shining waves.

Lysbeth was the baby of the ship and her mother, Biddy and the girls were always on the watch, countering the effect of the lady’s getting too much attention. She was such a gay, happy, little person. On one occasion, Biddy, who had been in charge of her, missed her and was horrified to discover her climbing up the rigging to the applause of an irresponsible youth above her. Biddy was too frightened to call her, but quickly got a sailor who rescued her, then dragged the youth down and gave him such a trouncing that he dared not go near the masts for days.

Biddy took the pink-cheeked culprit to her mother, who decreed that Lysbeth must do nothing without telling the others, and the two elder girls would give her and Henrietta two hours tuition daily in reading, writing and sewing. Lysbeth did not shine in the last, but what can you expect from a five-year-old? Henrietta would contentedly sew long seams or make clothes for her dolls. Lysbeth learned quickly and by the end of the voyage, she could read as well as any of them and even recite short poems. She was .always devoted to Catherine, who taught her.

The rest of the voyage passed without any unusual incident. There were calm days or storm, the passengers taking everything philosophically in hope of the Utopia which they expected ahead. They spent a week in South Africa provisionin[4], and there went for drives, seeing all they could. One man, owner of a big property, met them at a friend’s home, and invited them all to his beautiful Dutch house. He was unmarried, and like Don Ameche, found Margaret’s beauty devastating, and begged her father to consider him as a son-in-law.

Made wary by the Rio experience, the Major refused to promise more than that the suitor (who had offered to make a settlement on her of £40,000 equal to £100,000 later) should hear from him from V.D.L. after Margaret’s wishes were ascertained. According to promise, he answered later “Margaret does not think she could live so far from us all, and we will not bring any pressure to bear on her. Her happiness is very deal’ to us all. Thank you, but our answer is No.” The suitor immediately replied that he would be quite ready to sell out and live in any colony she chose. But it was no use. Margaret had no wish to marry.

It was two years after leaving Ireland, before they arrived in V.D.L, and it was an intense relief to know they had, at last, reached the promised land[5]. They had an unpleasant crossing in Bass Strait, but once they entered the Tamar River the beauty of the coast line was most comforting.[6] Their’s was not the only ship to arrive. Some carried convicts but even these had an air of hope.



Captain James, waving frantically, gave them a delighted welcome. His bullocks and dray, filled with mattresses, cushions and rugs, waited patiently for them. Other family groups awaited the ship too. The sun was shining. Everything seemed propitious for a restful home coming.

James had engaged rooms at the Cornwall Hotel for the whole party, and there they were to stay, until their possessions could be brought ashore and essential china and furniture sent ahead, by -drays, to Avoca, to the William Greys, with whom they were to make a home until their own was built.

Major William had called his place Rockford, the name of his wife’s parents’ home in Ireland. When James built his, he called it Grey Fort.

Mrs. Grey and party had a much needed rest. After the cramped ship’s quarters, the hotel was palatial! Martha and Biddy took the girls for all available walks and though there were no shops, and most of the population lived in tents there was quite enough variety to amuse them. Their Mother, finding she might send a few letters to Ireland by the returning ship, was writing long criss-crossed ones, telling all the perils they had been through, of their safe arrival, and of James’ welcome. Sir Rowland Hill had ‘ll.ot yet brought in postal reforms, so letters travelled through the agency of friends. At that time, in England, sending one sheet, cost foul’ shillings for four hundred miles.

Then there were farewells to their fellow passengers with whom they had become friendly. They might not see one another again, for not all had their locations in adjoining districts, and unmade roads made transport difficult.

Land had then to be cleared, fences and houses built. They could keep in touch only with letters.

The Greys’ found family news awaiting them. The first was ‘from Ceylon from Humphrey’s youngest brother, Richard (Lieutenant 1st Ceylon Regiment). He wrote the usual long criss-cross letter :-

My dear Humphrey,

I need not describe my astonishment and satisfaction on receipt of a letter from Home, dated 12th of October, addressed to me’ by Sarah. It arrived on the 14th of March, and therein I find that you and :Mrs. Grey are settled in V.D.L., though I regret exceedingly,. from the tenor of her letter, to hear of the misfortunes that befell you and the remainder of the passengers of your ship, and that you sustained such a considerable loss, but thank God that your lives are spared, together with a thousand sovereigns which Sarah mentioned (no banks nor letters of Credit then in V.D.L.)


Had I known of your reaching V.D.L. an opportunity offered of sending you a letter by two officers, viz : Lieut. Fowkes A.D.C. to Sir Edward Barnes, and Lieut. de Lancy, A.D.C. to Sir Hudson Lowe, who expects to be Governor on Sir Edward’s departure. They are both particular friends of mine and their interest might have been of service to you. I understand that N.P. Wright, Judicial Commissioner here, a very worthy man, has a sister married to General’ Darling, Commandant of N.S.W. Should it be your opinion that a letter having this medium should be of any service to you, I can easily obtain it for you at any time.


By the Hobart Town papers which Fowkes and de Lancey have brought me, I regret to find that the aborigines have such a hostile attitude to the settlers. You may rest assured that a mild’ plan will never answer with individuals of their disposition. They must be given to fear us and there can be no possible way of bringing matters to a,’ close than by using severe means, which is to let them feel the superiority of our firearms to their spears and tomahawks. We have had substantial proof of the efficiency of this plan where we have as wild characters, in every sense of the ‘word, to deal with, as you have there. I mean the Vedas, armed with bows and arrows, spears and axes.


Mrs. Grey and I were reading through the distribution of the Company once elected to accompany Colonel Arthur in the pursuit of the Black River Gentlemen, and notice that your name does not appear as an individual in command of a party. I assure you we were most anxiously looking for it, but perhaps you were otherwise employed by the Colonel’s orders. I was rejoiced to find the name of an old friend mentioned as being in command-Darcy Wentworth of the 73rd, an old and sincere friend of mine, and of my brother French’s. We spent many days’ and nights’ hardship together, during the Randram’s Rebellion, and a more indefatigable officer I never had the opportunity of serving with. I hope you will call on him and make yourself known to him. I have not the smallest doubt that whatever service lies in his power he will be most happy to render to you and your family. Tell him I visited his old friend at Gonegadda and saw the Inmate, who resided there with him. He is well but the Fort is in a state of delapidation.


Should either duty or pleasure take you to Sydney, you may meet Captain Rossi, who, when I was in the Isle of Granu, was most kind and friendly to me. He was formerly of the first Ceylon. I understand he is the Chief Magistrate of Sydney. I regret I am not acquainted with any other person in your Colony.


It is time now my dear Humphrey, to render an account of myself, ……………….

Letters were serious matters in those days and not to be scrambled through. It was amusing and a little confusing the way Richard referred to his own and his brother’s wife as Mrs. Grey. He gained promotion in the army and stayed on in Ceylon, so he and his wife never did come “to pursue peace, happiness and prosperity in V.D.L.”



“Copyright for this extract had expired when published on this site”






Early Local Schooling  1830s, 1840s..

A small school for his children and those of his employees was established by my great great grandfather, Edmund Markham (1802-1866) -an early 1830s settler in the Darbys Falls area. The school was set up on on his property ‘Spring Vale’ on Milburn Creek, near its junction with the Lachlan River, in the early 1840s, when, according to  his great grandson, my uncle Aubrey Murray,  he employed two teachers – Hanley and Winton, about whom nothing more is known. Thomas O’Shaughnessy Jr wrote in his diary that, in 1843 when he was eight years old, he:

“ ….used to walk three miles to school to Spring Vale, Edmund Markham’s place, and back again in the evening except on Friday. I stayed all night for half Saturday school.”

This school was functioning before any facility in what was to become Cowra. In the late 1840s, according to W Duggan, who wrote in the Cowra Guardian on 11 November, 1905:

The first teacher taught nine pupils in the back shed of the Fitzroy Hotel of which were:- William and Mary Duggan, William, John and Sarah Bus and two Conroys, the others I don’t remember. Soon after, the people had collected some money and had a school built on the flat, a two roomed wooden building with a bark roof. The school teacher’s name was Pearce. He didn’t remain long, and there was no school for two years after. The next school also broke up, and there was none till the year ’53. It was re-opened in ’53 by Lennox, who had about 26 scholars, some of which were:- William Duggan, Hannah, Elizabeth and Alick Middlemis, James, John, Catherine and Sarah Cummings, John, Hannah and Charlotte Tindal, Richard and Margaret Neville, Ellen, Daniel, Patrick and Mary Ann O’Brien, James and Jane Robinson, James Keys, and others. This school broke up and the first permanent school was opened by Madame Rigaut and husband between ’57 and ’60.” 

The first bid for a Government school to service Cowra and the outlying areas was made on 16 April 1849, when six “Patrons”, including Edmund Markham – the other five other leading landholders being H.M. Fulton, (Mufton Park); W. Redfern Watt, (Bumbaldry); John Wood, (Brundah); R.N. McDiarmid, (Waugoola); James Sloan, (North Logan) – signed  a submission to the Commissioners of the Board of Education seeking erection of a school in what was later gazetted as Cowra, stating that 158 children would attend, though  about 40 children would need to board.

Bid for a Darbys Falls School.

As for the immediate Darbys Falls area, some fourteen miles outside Cowra on the road to Wyangala and Mt McDonald, it was not until some 20 years later, as the population increased, that bids were made to the NSW Government for a school.  In the interests of genealogy researchers, as well as history, I have included, in addition to these notes, photographs and drawings, local names – parents and children. I would be happy to add to and/or clarify these or make amendments to the site on request.

My father, Neville Murray (1906 – 1980), who is in some of the photographs below, and whose father had died before he turned three, attended  the school for much of his Primary School years at the beginning of the 20th Century, telling me often what a hard taskmaster the Headmaster, Mr Johnson, was. My own experience was very short, perhaps a month or so in or about 1939, when we visited my grandmother, Margaret Murray, later Harris, nee Markham, at Darbys Falls where she was Postmistress for some 43 years. My only recollection as a four year old in the one room schoolhouse, was that of observing older children up the front of the room doing long division tables on the blackboard, murmuring to myself that I’d never be able to do anything like that!

The earliest bid to have  school established at the present day location of Darbys Falls, though more precisely identified  at the time as “Daly’s Springs”, was made by John Whitty, giving his address as Darbys Falls (then located at the junction of Milburn Creek and the Lachlan), to the Minister of Education on July 18, 1880. Whitty pointed out that

“there are about thirty children from the age of four to about sixteen within about a four mile square….if there was a school erected here at a place known as Daly’s Springs, it would be a central place .”

He listed the interested parents and the number of 31 children – Richard Newham 3 children; James Newham 5; Patrick Jordan 5; John Jordan 5; Patrick Whitty 1; Thomas Whitty 4; John Whitty 4; Richard Carlin 1; and William Graham 3.

There is no record of a response, though it appears that some discussion was undertaken, and a reminder was sent in the following March when the community (represented by John Joseph Whitty, John Nicholas Jordan, Patrick Jordan, Patrick Whitty, and Nicholas Jordan)  formally applied again, listing 27 children (20 boys, 7 girls; 3 C of E, 24 RC).

The full list of parents  in these exchanges is not to be found but it included J N Jordan 1 1/2 miles from Darbys Falls (Mary Julia age 14, Patrick W 13, Nicholas 11, John 9 sarah 7); Thomas Whitty 2 miles (Rosanna 14, Patrick  11, John 7); Patrick Jordan 2 miles (Mary S 15, Nicholas 14, William 12, George 10); and Patrick Whitty 2 miles (Mary 5, Ann 4.)

In May 1881 J N Jordan again sought a reply. Inspector George E Long of Bathurst reviewed the bid, making a number of observations on 19 October 1881:

  • The population of the school district was about 35 including adults and children;
  • The applicants are agriculturists, and small graziers, occupying land obtained by bona fide conditional purchase;
  • The nearest school is at Milburn Creek which is about 8 miles away;
  • Number likely to be enrolled – 20 boys and 8 girls;
  • A suitable site of 12 (sic) acres has, in view of future educational requirements of the place, been selected;
  • The population of the district is too small and too scattered to afford the attendance necessary for the maintenance of a Public School attendance.  I therefore advise that the application be declined; and
  • There is however some probability that additional settlement may take place, and I therefore recommend that in view of possible future educational requirements that steps be taken for the acquisition of the land described.

Inspector Long further reported that the number of children being about 28, it was not possible to establish a school. However he pointed out to the applicants that they should claim provisional aid, available so long as they provided a suitable building and sufficient school furniture.

Land was set aside for a future school at Darbys Falls in 1881.

At the same time, Long recommended that land be set aside for a future school and provided a drawing identifying a 2 acre site on the Darbys Falls/Cowra Road. On this land, local parents commenced to build school premises. John Jordan, Harry Newham and Bill Jerome built with slab walls and a stringy bark roof a small schoolroom of 17 ½ feet by 12 ½ feet by 6 ½ feet. It became available in February 1883 but the Department found it difficult – mainly because of inadequate housing availability, to recruit a teacher for a “Provisional School”. 

House  to House School  –  September 1883 to November 1883

Consequently, a “House to House” School was approved,

Darbys Falls School Catchment Area for 37 students in 1883, prior to the establishment of the School.

with Mr Charles V C Hudson appointed teacher.

The arrangement was that he would teach 37 children

– 15 at Darbys Falls, 10 at Redbank, and 12 at Spring Creek,

– at each of the three stations a day in turn, approximately

equidistant. See Hudson’s map and a list of the children.

Place Children Age Parent
J Newman’s Hannah Newham 14 James Newham
Christopher Newham 12
Ellen Newham 10
Thomas Henry Newham 7
Charles Newham 5
Spring Creek Fredk Joseph Newham 11 John Newham
Robert Newham 9
Alice Treasure 7 Lewis Treasure
Edward Henry Treasure 5
Robert Carpenter 10 W Carpenter
George Carpenter 8
Elizabeth Jones 13 Charles Jones
Charles Jones 7
Margaret Jane Graham 13 William Graham
Charles Alfred Graham 12
Vinson Mark Graham 10
Hannah Sophia Graham 6
Darbys Falls Nicholas Jordan 14 John N Jordan
John Jordan 12
Sarah Jordan 10
Ann Jordan 8
Mary Whitty 7 Patrick Whitty
Ann Whitty 5
John Whitty 10 Thomas Whitty
Mary Whitty 8
Thomas Whitty 5
Red Bank Henrietta Newham 9 Henry Newham
John Joseph Newham 7
Arthur Henry Newham 5
Darbys Falls David Newham 14 Richard Newham
Francis Newham 12
George Newham 9
Rosetta Newham 5
Patrick Whitty 14 Thomas Whitty
William Jordan 13 N(?) Jordan
Milburn Creek George Jordan 18 P Jordan
Lucy Jordan 8


Provisional School  –  November 1883 to June 1884

With the enrolment increasing, a “Provisional School”[1] was established on 1 November 1883, and by early in the next year enrolment had increased to 38..

Public School – June 1884 – November 1903

The original Darbys Falls Public School, built by the community in 1883 and sold to Sydney Newham for £3.10.0 in May 1906

In view of the number of full time pupils – 39 – the school was upgraded to a “Public School”. Mr C V C Hudson, though apparently not yet qualified to be a full teacher at a Public School, was highly regarded by his superiors and was appointed to continue in his role.The “community built” building was now “…too small, and not weathertight, and prejudiced to the health of the children”, claimed a successful petition from the parents. Consequently, a contract was let in September 1884 to Henry Francis of Cowra to build and furnish a new wooden building, 50% larger than the old school, (being 22ft x 14 x 9) for £198.0.0.

Later, some parents (successfully) petitioned the “Minister of Public Instruction” in October 1885

  “…….that you will have the school ground fenced as the children who ride to school are greatly inconvenienced by not having a proper place to keep their horses.” 

The parents who signed, all giving their address as Darbys Falls, were John Whitty, James Newham, H J Newham, J N Jordan, Patrick Whitty, Thomas Whitty, Richard Newham,  and Catherine Carlin.

In considering the request, the Inspector (Mr Long) noted in November 1885 that

           ….the population in the vicinity of Darbys Falls is very sparse, and many children ride to school. A paddock for their horses would a great convenience. The school has an enrolment of 34. A new wooden building was provided for the school some ten months ago, at a cost of £190, for which the fence applied for will be a protection.” 

P W Jordan was contracted to build the fence around the two acre site at a cost of some   £30.

In the late 1880s, early 1890s there were serious outbreaks of Typhoid Fever and Diptheria. There were many contemporary Cowra Free Press accounts of the typhoid problems. In 1889 John Nicholas Jordan (1833-1917) wrote to the Minister asking that the school be closed temporarily due to the typhoid fever outbreak:

“…..there has been some fifteen cases of sickness in the locality within the last five or six weeks, of which number, four has (sic) proved fatal and some five or six now are down dangerously ill. Up to the last few days our local doctors could not or did not give the malady in question a name.               Some two or three parties then called in Dr Healy from Young who, upon seeing two or three of the parties now being ill, at once pronounced the malady to be Typhoid Fever. I wish most respectfully to draw your attention to the fact that in two of the houses where there is at least one case of typhoid in each, there are two or more children from those places attending the Public School at Darbys Falls.             

And that in view of the foregoing facts that you will cause inquiry into the matter with a view to closing the school in question (for the duration).

In 1898, the Neila Creek school closed and additional students attended the Darbys Falls School. Many came on horseback and additional fencing was provided to keep their horses from the immediate school grounds. The schoolmaster noted that on some days there were ten horses to be accommodated.

Darbys Falls School enrolment 1903

In 1899, the school closed for some months because of the unavailability of a teacher , the only married accommodation being available at Mt McDonald. The families petitioned the Government to reopen, stating that there were in the area some  21 children of the following families – Robert Newham (4 children), Edward Markham (3), Patrick Whitty (2), Thomas Whitty (2)

In December 1902, the low enrolment of fourteen (down from 34 in 1885) led the Inspector to review a list of students [below] and consider closing the school. The parents petitioned to keep it open, with a response along the lines that

  “….the question of closing the school will be considered unless the requisite average is secured for the March quarter.”

In 1909, Thomas Markham, seeking Government agreement to convert the school from “Provisional” to full time, stated that there were  thirteen children at the school.

Markham’s petition was successful and Mr Charles Johnson was appointed Principal, remaining for thirteen years, during which time a school residence was built. Further, a new school building was erected in 1911, necessary given the increased enrolment. When Mr Johnson took charge in May 1910 it had been a “Provisional” School with an enrolment of sixteen. He found that there some children who did not attend, but could, though living some considerable distance from it.  He visited their parents and successfully encouraged them. So much so that in 1914 he noted that two children travel over 8 miles and another two, six miles to the school. In the same year he reported that four pupils over 15 attended the school. Rabbit trapping was the cause of some boys remaining away from school. He succeeded in getting these boys to attend school regularly.

Darbys Falls School picnic ca. 1912. BACK ROW. L to R: Headmaster Chas Johnson, Clare Howarth, Liz Whitty, Clem Newham, Les Whitty, Emmie Newham, Clara Whitty, Shore girl (not at school) Neville Ward, _____, Walter Newham, Mrs Chas Johnson. NEXT ROW: Maudie Howarth, Aubrey Murray, Herb Newham, Frank Ward, Eric Ward, Tom Markham, ____(may be Jock Ward), Jim (Jumbo) Markham. NEXT ROW: Rosie Markham, Nell Murray, Vena Newham, Edie Hickey, Maggie Newham, Molly Markham, Eileen Markham, Beryl Ward, Neville Murray, ____(perhaps Eden Whitty). NEXT ROW: Greg Jordan, Jack Jordan, Mary Markham, Vera Whitty, Millice Whitty, Lucy Newham, Ollie Jordan, Clarrie Markham, Nell Markham, Clive Markham.

Three years later, Mr Johnson, seeking to contest a possible decision to downgrade the school and appoint him elsewhere, wrote to the Inspector of Schools on 13 February 1914 as follows:

“I succeeded in getting the co-operation of the parents (after much talking and explaining) with the result that the equipment of the school is almost complete, being purchased from funds raised by school concerts and picnics.  Included in the equipment is a library of over 80 volumes and periodicals, also a sewing machine. The parents have promised to supply me with sufficient wire netting for the fence I have asked to have erected, also to build a bridge across the creek which runs between the playground and the road.              

The school ground is now the beauty spot of the locality.  One of the first things I did after I came here was to make a vegetable and flower garden, which have been improved each year.  To do this I had to take out 16 large box trees, split posts and erect a fence round the garden.              

This garden has been the means of the boys starting both vegetable and flower gardens at their own homes. Last Cowra Show we obtained first prizes for vegetables and flowers. To carry on the gardening successfully I dug a well and purchased a pump and piping with funds raised by a concert.  As the well is 8 chains from the garden the cost of the piping was considerable.      I also put down a tennis court and cricket ground for the children and have taught them how to play the games. My wife also takes a keen interest in the girls and has taught them sewing, cookery, jam making, fruit preserving, work in plaster of paris and various others.”              

Johnson’s bid to remain was strongly supported by the parents, evidenced in the following letter, written on 19 February 1914 to the Inspector of Schools in Young:

“We, the undersigned parents of children attending the Public School, having heard it is likely our teacher, Mr Johnson, is to be removed, we would therefore respectfully ask that his proposed removal be reconsidered, as we are more than satisfied with the progression our children have made under this teacher..

Signed by parents:Nicholas Markham, Grazier and Saw Miller, Darbys Falls,;  John T Ward, Commercial Traveller; James Markham, Farmer;  Mrs Margaret Murray, Postmistress;  Hugh Newham, Grazier;  H J Taylor, Carpenter, T Markham, Farmer, Darbys Falls, E Markham, Painter,  Francis Newham, Parent. “






Darbys Falls Public School Students Ca. 1916 FRONT ROW: L to R: Jim Murray, Clive Markham, _____, Clarrie Markham, Eden Whitty, Jack Jordan. SECOND ROW: Vena Newham, Sylvia Neville, _ Kershaw, Amy Kershaw, ____, Harold Oliver, ____, Jean Jordan, __ Newham. THIRD ROW: Lucy Wass, Nell Markham, Vera Whitty, Ruby Neville, Millice Whitty, _____, Ena Markham, ____, Mary Markham. FOURTH ROW: Eric Newham, _____, _____, Percy Newham.

An indication of support for Mr Johnson (who was not Catholic) was a statement by the Catholic Rev Fr O’Kennedy from the pulpit around that time. He told the congregation:

“that they were most fortunate to have such good people in their midst as the teacher and his wife and advised them to keep their children at school regularly,and do their best to keep them in Darbys Falls.”               

On 14 August 1919 Mr Johnson applied for the appointment of an Assistant Teacher.

 I have the honour to inform you that the enrolment at this school has increased from 53 to 60 and the average attendance from 46 to 52, and ask that an assistant teacher be appointed here. The pupils are classed: Class I 15; Class II 8; Class III 7; Class IV 8; Class V 7; Class VI 15. There are also seven children of school age not now attending but whose parents have promised to send them.

 Margin note: Recommended. Accommodation for a lady assistant can be obtained at the residence of Mrs C Johnson.

The first Assistant Teacher was a nineteen year old Miss Thelma Barnes who transferred in mid-1921 to be Teacher in Charge at the Wyangala Public School; and in the next year married my father’s older brother Aubrey Murray.

With no successor for the balance of the year, parents petitioned the Minister in December 1921 for a replacement:

 “We the undersigned parents of Darbys Falls, beg to petition you to have an Assistant Teacher appointed to the Public school at Darbys Falls. In July last the assistant teacher was removed and no one appointed in her place. The enrolment at present is 56 and the average daily attendance this quarter is 49. We consider that it is impossible for one teacher to do justice to this number of children divided into six classes.

 Trusting this matter will have your earnest consideration,we are: Thomas Markham Jr, Secretary, Progress Association; and Oswald Ford, James Markham; B M Ward; M Harris; N J Markham; Geo Elliott; J E Jordan; A C Waters; A A Wass; H W Oliver; W S Oliver; W J Carpenter; T J Whitty; H Whitty; J J Anthony; H J Taylor; Joseph Moss; James Horsfall; Daniel Neville; Sydney Newham; C Howarth; A Vaughan.   

Darbys Falls Public School Ca 1949

A replacement was duly provided. The full list, assembled by Mr W E Muir, Teacher from 1948-1965, herewith:

Mr C V C Hudson  1884; Mr W Levey  1885; Mr Greville  1886 – 1891; Mrs McBrider 1891 – 1895; Mrs J Farry 1895 – 1899; Mr Broady  1899; Mr Shumack 1900; Mr A R Bate 1901 – 1905; Mrs P Laughlin 1905 – 1908; Mr J Davies  1908 – 1910; Mr Chas Johnson 1910 – 1923; Mr Giovanelli  1922; Mr Graham  1923 – 1928; Mr H Hyde 1928; Mr E Warren  1929 – 1937; Mr S Rodwell  1937 – 1942; Mr R O Pryor  1942 – 1948; Mr W E Muir  1948 – 1965; Mr T Hunter  1965 – 1971; and Mr N Wheatley 1971. The assistant teachers were Miss Thelma Barnes  1919 – 1921; Miss B James 1921 – 1922; and Miss V Swan 1922.


Darbys Falls Schoolhouse, by the 1950s an Art gallery.

 [NOTE: “Darbys Falls : A Bush Village” by Frank and Carmel (Hudson) Connor in 1997; “Earliest Memories of Darbys Falls” by Gordon Elliott in  1999 and “70th Anniversary of the Opening of Darbys Falls Public School 1884-1954” published in ‘Eagle Eye’ of the Cowra Family History Group in March 1987 ;and particularly Teacher Mr W E Muir who collected and collated information for the 70th anniversary of the school’s opening. All these important sources supplement family myths and facts about local education arrangements which have been handed down through the years. I have added to family notes from these documents as well as from NSW Archives Office Records.]


  • 1814                    ‘Catherine’                Mary McArdle


  • Transport 325 tons. Built at New Bedford in 1811. William Simmons was the Master and the Surgeon was named Palmer. 98 female passengers, of whom one died. 97 landed at Sydney. See Indent list below.


  • Sailed from Cove 8.12.1813 – Sydney 4.5.1814.   147 days.


  • “On 22 August, 1813 the Catherine arrived from England at Cove to collect female convicts. Only two years old, the vessel was inspected on the day she arrived and was found to have ‘a good roomy prison and berths made up for a hundred females, and there may be more. Her hospital is a good one, except being placed in the bows; it is tolerably well ventilated. She had a table in the center of the prison which must be removed and forms placed there.’ Thirty women were put on the Catherine on the twenty fifth, and 29 more went on a couple of days later, followed by another ten on the twenty-eighth. Twenty five came to the vessel from the Cork city jail, and after 10 more arrived on 1 October there was a total of 90 women and four children. Most of the women were to serve 7 or 14 years, but Ann Rorke from Dublin and Catherine Geran from County Limerick, had life sentences. The occupations of the women included servant, housekeeper, needle – woman, shoe-binder, cutter, confectioner, shopkeeper, dealer, mantuar, upholsterer and country work.” (Botany Bay, by Con Costello. Pub Cork 1987


  • Governor Macquarie to Earl Bathurst . “ Catherine , commanded by Capt. Wm Simmonds, arrived with 97 female convicts, one only having died on the voyage….I am happy in being enabled to state that the convicts who arrived by the Catherine…have, without a single exception, borne grateful testimony to their having been treated with the most unremitting care, attention and kindness, by the master and surgeon, from the day of their embarkation until they were finally landed here. The settlement in Van Dieman’s Land being much in want of women, I have embarked 60 of those arrived to the Derwent.”  HRA 1 V111 (253).


  • In 1814, 98 women were transported from Ireland. 102 from Great Britain.



Name Where, when convicted. Term Calling, Age


Ahern, Catherine Co. Kerry

Aug 1812

7 yrs Country work, 28
Ahern, Honor City of Cork April 1813 7 yrs Servant, 18
Baldwin, Margaret City of Cork Sep 1813 7 yrs Servant, 45
Barnes, Elizabeth City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 25
Boylan, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 40
Boyne, see Byrne, Mary      
Brady or Brien, Susan City of Dublin,


7 yrs Country work, 30
Brennan, Mary or Ann City of Dublin,

Sep 1813

7 yrs Country work, 26
Bryan, Rose Co. Cork, August 1812 7 yrs Country work, 21
Byrne or Boyne, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Country work, 45
Byrne, Ann City of Dublin,


14 yrs Mantua maker, 30
Caffray, Ann City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant,24
Carney, see Hynds, Mary      
Carroll, Ann Co. Armagh, August 7 yrs Country work,47
Carter, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 25
Clarke, Mary Ferns City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 38
Cleary, Elizabeth City of Cork August 1812 7 yrs Servant, 23
Coates, Catherine City of Dublin,

Nov 1811

7 yrs Servant, 52
Codehy, Margaret City Kilkenny Mar 1813 7 yrs Servant, 21
Cole, Honora City Limerick Aug 1812 7 yrs Country work,  23
Connell, Ann City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant,30
Coughlan, Catherine City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 32
Curley, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Country work, 22
Dunn, Mary Anne City of Dublin,

May, 1813

7 yrs Needlewoman, 30
Eden, Mary Ann City Kilkenny Mar 1813 7 yrs Servant, 27
Egan, Catherine City of Dublin,

August 1813

7 yrs Child nurse, 23
English, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 33
Farrell, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 40
Fitzgerald, Mary Co. Limerick

Aug 1812

7 yrs Housekeeper, 40
Flood, see Hood, Mary      
Fraine, Ann Co. Tyrone, Mar 1812 7 yrs Servant, 28
Geran, Catherine Co. Limerick

Mar 1813

Life Country work, 27
Gilmor, Mary Co. Mayo,


7 yrs Servant, 60
Goff, see Hamilton, Elinor      
Gourly, see Quinn, Margaret      
Green, Ann or Margaret City of Dublin,

March 1812

7 yrs Servant, 20
Griffin, Teresa City of Dublin,

August 1813

7 yrs Housekeeper, 24
Hamilton or Goff, Elinor City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant,36
Hand, Bridget Co. Armagh, March 1813 7 yrs Country work, 30
Hanlon, Mary Co. Louth,

Mar 1813

7 yrs Country work,  30
Hayes or Magrath, Anne City Limerick,

Aug 1813

14 yrs Servant, 31
Hickey, Ellen City of Cork, April 1813 7 yrs Servant, 35
Holloway, Ann City of Dublin,

Sep 1813

7 yrs Country work, 35
Hood (or Flood?), Mary City of Dublin,

Oct 1812

14 yrs Country work, 42
Hudson, Mary Co. Cork August 1812 7 yrs Housekeeper, 30
Hughes, Alice Co. Armagh, August 7 yrs Country work, 28
Hutchinson, Elizabeth Co. Tyrone, 7 yrs Servant, 27
Hynds or Carney, Mary City of Dublin,

Aug 1811

7 yrs Country work, 25
Johnston, Eleanor City of Dublin,


7 yrs Country work,  23
Jones, Ann City of Dublin,


7 yrs Country work, 27
Judge, Bridget Co. Kildare

Mar 1813

7 yrs Country work, 20
Kane, see Keatinge, Eliza      
Kavanagh 2nd, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Shoebinder, 40
Kavanagh, Jane City of Dublin,

Sep 1813

7 yrs Servant, 25
Kavanagh, Mary City of Dublin,

May, 1813

7 yrs Servant, 20
Keatinge or Kane,


City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 35
Kelly, Catherine City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 24
Kelly, Margaret City of Dublin,

Feb 1813

7 yrs Country work, 50
Kelly, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, Blank
Kelly, Mary Ann City of Dublin,

Oct 1812

7 yrs Servant, 28
Kilroy, Bridget Co. Meath, July 1812 7 yrs Housekeeper, 30
King, aka Rose, Elizabeth Co. Cork August 1812 7 yrs Servant, 32
King, see Rose, Elizabeth      
Kirk, Catherine City of Dublin,


14 yrs Housekeeper, 60
Leeson, see Smith, Mary      
Loftus, Catherine City of Dublin,

Sep 1813

7 yrs Country service, 50
Lynch, Catherine City Limerick,

Aug 1812

7 yrs Children’s maid,  30
Magrath, see Hayes, Anne      
Maguire, Elinor City of Dublin,

June 1811

7 yrs Shopkeeper, 28
McArdle, Mary City of Dublin,


14 yrs Housekeeper,

50 (sic)

McDermott, Ann City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant , 34
McDonnell, Catherine Co. Tyrone, July Life Country work, 24
McIntire, Mary City of Cork Sep. 1813 7 yrs Upholsterer, 42
Moore, Ann City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 23
Moore, see Moran Mary Anne      
Moran or Moore, Mary Ann City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 30
Murphy, Alice City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 44
Murphy, Alice City Kilkenny Mar 1813 7 yrs Servant, 18
Murphy, Mary City of Cork August 1812 7 yrs Servant, 25
Murray, Jane City of Dublin,

March 1811

7 yrs Dealer?, 53
Newport Ann City of Dublin,


14 yrs Shopkeeper, 26
Nixon, Catherine Co Monaghan


7 yrs Country work, 40
Noble, Isabella Co. Longford,

Mar 1813

7 yrs Mantua maker, 27
O’Brien, Catherine Co. Armagh, August 7 yrs Country work, 34
O’Hear, Mary Co. Down

Mar 1813

7 yrs Servant, 30
Power, Mary City of Dublin,


7 yrs Needlewoman, 40
Quinn or Ryder, Elinor Co. Wicklow, August Life Servant, 38
Quinn, aka Gourly, Margaret Co. Antrim, March 1812, 7 yrs Country work, 50
Quinn, Catherine City of Dublin,


14 yrs Servant, 62
Quinn, Jane City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 26
Quinn, Margaret Co. Mayo,


7 yrs Servant, 20
Read, Elizabeth City of Dublin,

Feb 1813

7 yrs Country work, 25
Read, Mary Co. Mayo,

Mar 1812

7 yrs Housekeeper, 40
Rorke, Ann City of Dublin,


Life Housekeeper, 46
Ryder, see Quinn, Elinor      
Scott, Sarah Co Monaghan


7 yrs Country work, 34
Sheridan, Rose Co. Longford

July 1812

7 yrs Housekeeper, 18
Smith, aka Leeson, Mary City of Dublin, Jan 1810 7 yrs Child nurse, 20
Smith, Ann City of Dublin,

May 1813

7 yrs Country work, 40
Smith, Ann Co. Tyrone, Mar 1812 7 yrs Servant, 30
Smith, Elizabeth City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 46
Stewart, Jane Co. Kilkenny

Mar 1813

7 yrs Cutler, 40
Swaine, Alice City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 48
Thornton, Ellen Co. Galway

Mar 1812

7 yrs Country work, 21
Wallace, Jane City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, 24
Walsh, Rose City of Dublin,


7 yrs Servant, Age

 Blank (44?)

Wheeler, Jane City of Cork Sep. 1813 7 yrs Servant, 20
White, Mary Co. Kilkenny

Mar 1813

7 yrs Confectioner, 32
Wilson, Margaret Co. Antrim, March 1812, 7 yrs Servant, 36


Outline Descendant Report for George MARSHALL

 ….. 1 George MARSHALL b: 1787 in England, Arr. Australia: 15 Dec 1810  ‘Indian” from Portsmouth ENG, d: 29 Jun 1828 in Sydney NSW

….. + Mary McCARROLL nee SWORDS b: Ireland, Arr. Australia: 04 May 1814  ‘Catherine’, m: 23 Jan 1815 in St. Philip’s, Sydney NSW, d: Jul 1838 in Sydney NSW

……….. 2 Mary Ann MARSHALL b: 24 Mar 1815 in Sydney NSW, d: 02 Jul 1844 in Sydney NSW

……….. + Edward CONYNGHAM b: 23 Jun 1805 in Dublin, Ireland, Arr. Australia: 08 Jul 1829 ‘Ann’ (‘Letitia’ ex Cork July 1828 wrecked Cape Verde, Atlantic Ocean; ‘Hesperus’ to Rio; ‘Ann’ to Sydney via Hobart.), m: 11 Jan 1830 in St. Mary’s RC, Sydney, d: 28 Oct 1868 in Ulladulla NSW

…………….. 3 Catherine Mary CONYNGHAM b: 07 Nov 1830 in Sydney NSW, d: 10 Apr 1898 in ‘Glencairn’, 16 Johnston St, Annandale NSW

…………….. + Francis McMAHON b: Abt. 1815 in Ballybaytown, Co Monaghan, Ireland, Arr. Australia: 17 Aug 1841 ; ‘Pearl’ from Plymouth., m: 01 Aug 1849 in St Mary’s, Sydney NSW, d: 22 May 1897 in ‘Glencairn’ 16 Johnston St. Annandale NSW

………………….. 4 Matthew Bernard McMAHON b: 08 May 1850 in Brickfield Hill, Sydney NSW, d: 26 Jun 1901 in Darling Point, Woollahra, NSW

………………….. + May PHILLIPS b: Abt. 1861, m: 14 Apr 1880 in St Mathias’, Paddington, NSW, d: 18 Aug 1882 in Milton, NSW

……………………….. 5 Francis Reginald McMAHON b: 13 Jul 1880 in Woollahra NSW, d: 24 Apr 1953 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. + Violet May WISSING b: 10 May 1879 in Daylesford Vic, m: 13 May 1907 in Culcairn NSW, d: 22 Nov 1950 in Mosman, Sydney, NSW

……………………….. 5 Vere Constance McMAHON b: 1882 in Woollahra NSW, d: 1951

……………………….. + John A (Jack) MUSTON b: 1881 in St. Leonards NSW, m: 1903 in St Peters NSW, d: 1934

………………….. 4 Mary Anne McMAHON b: 13 Apr 1852 in Brickfield Hill, Sydney NSW

………………….. + William Augustine HYNES m: 10 Apr 1875 in St Patrick’s Church, Sydney.

………………….. 4 Francis John McMAHON b: 27 Dec 1853 in Sydney NSW, d: 1935 in Manly NSW

………………….. + Emma Lee EWIN b: 17 Dec 1864 in ‘Woodstock’ Milton NSW, m: 07 Aug 1882 in ‘Woodstock’, Milton NSW, d: 11 Feb 1912 in Lewisham NSW

……………………….. 5 Cecilia Sophia McMAHON b: 21 May 1883, d: 07 Jul 1966

……………………….. 5 Catherine McMAHON b: 14 Jul 1885 in Milton, NSW, d: 15 Jul 1885 in Milton, NSW

……………………….. 5 Emma Florence McMAHON b: 21 Aug 1886, d: 09 Feb 1887

……………………….. 5 Francis William McMAHON b: 23 Oct 1887 in Milton, NSW, d: 05 Oct 1968 in St Leonards, NSW

……………………….. + Mignonette Audrey HOFFMANN m: 1930 in Manly NSW

……………………….. 5 Edward David McMAHON b: 07 Mar 1890, d: 13 Jun 1962 in Manly, NSW

……………………….. 5 Walter McMAHON b: 30 Nov 1892, d: 09 Apr 1893 in Kogarah, NSW

……………………….. 5 Mary Gertrude (Mollie) McMAHON b: Sep 1897, d: 02 Nov 1898 in Leichhardt, NSW

……………………….. 5 Vivienne Jean McMAHON b: 01 Jan 1900 in Marrickville, NSW, d: 26 Dec 1981

……………………….. 5 Mary F McMAHON b: 1906

………………….. 4 Elizabeth Clare McMAHON b: 14 Jun 1855, d: 03 Jan 1860 in Brickfield Hill, Sydney, NSW

………………….. 4 Rose Clare McMAHON b: 13 Sep 1856 in Sydney NSW

………………….. + John MELLIDAY m: 05 Feb 1877 in Ulladulla NSW, d: 1923 in Randwick NSW

……………………….. 5 Kate Teresa MELLIDAY b: Apr 1878 in Sydney NSW, d: 16 Mar 1879 in Redfern NSW

……………………….. 5 Mary Geraldine (May) MELLIDAY b: 14 Jan 1880 in Redfern NSW, d: Aft. 1923

……………………….. 5 Maude Victoria MELLIDAY b: Abt. May 1882 in Glebe NSW, d: 24 Dec 1882 in Glebe NSW

……………………….. 5 Rose E MELLIDAY b: 1884, d: 1884 in Manly NSW

……………………….. 5 Theodora B (Dora) MELLIDAY b: 31 May 1885 in Ashfield NSW

……………………….. 5 Muriel E MELLIDAY b: 1893 in Paddington NSW, d: Aft. 1923

………………….. 4 Edward Charles McMAHON b: 20 Sep 1858 in Sydney NSW, d: 01 Aug 1884 in Ulladulla, NSW

………………….. 4 Augustine (Austin) John McMAHON b: 1869 in Ulladulla NSW, d: 1948 in Granville,NSW

…………….. 3 George Mathias CONYNGHAM b: 25 Feb 1833 in Sydney NSW, d: 10 Nov 1852 in Melbourne Vic (onboard “TWINS”)

…………….. 3 Mary CONYNGHAM b: 11 May 1835, d: 08 Jul 1838 in Sydney NSW

…………….. 3 Elizabeth Clare CONYNGHAM b: 11 Apr 1837 in Sydney, NSW, d: 14 Jul 1921 in

Annandale NSW

…………….. + Charles Michael MURRAY b: 02 Jul 1832 in Ireland, Arr. Australia: 01 Feb 1839 ‘Susan’, m: 28 Feb 1856 in St. Mary’s RC , Sydney, NSW, d: 30 Jul 1921 in Annandale NSW

………………….. 4 Edward Philip (Eddie) MURRAY b: 07 Mar 1857 in Murray Residence, Ulladulla, NSW, d: 12 Apr 1939 in Sydney Hospital NSW

………………….. 4 Catherine Anne (Katie) MURRAY b: 11 Mar 1859, d: 20 Nov 1892 in Leichhardt NSW

………………….. 4 Francis Conyngham MURRAY b: 30 Jun 1861 in Sydney NSW, d: 14 Feb 1909 in Cowra, NSW

………………….. + Margaret MARKHAM b: 01 Jun 1877 in Cowra NSW, m: 05 Nov 1900 in Mt McDonald NSW, d: 05 Jun 1957 in Fairfield NSW

……………………….. 5 Francis Aubrey MURRAY b: 29 Apr 1901 in Mount McDonald NSW, d: 12 Mar 1972 in Wyangala, NSW

……………………….. + Thelma Clara BARNES b: 1900 in Newtown NSW, m: 1922 in Randwick NSW, d: 1986 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. 5 Ellen Conyngham (Nellie) MURRAY b: 30 Oct 1902 in Cowra NSW, d: 1983 in Canberra ACT

……………………….. + Thomas Charles (Charlie) COOKE b: 1897 in Snowball, nr Braidwood, NSW, m: 1926 in Darbys Falls NSW, d: 04 Dec 1949 in Concord NSW

……………………….. 5 Doris MURRAY b: Jan 1905 in Nevertire NSW, d: 16 Oct 1905 in Nevertire NSW

……………………….. 5 Neville (Dibbie) MURRAY B E M, b: 25 Apr 1906 in Nevertire NSW, d: 03 Jun 1980 in Canberra ACT

……………………….. + Winifred (Win) McGUINESS b: 29 Jan 1909 in Trangie NSW, m: 24 Jun 1933 in Bondi, Sydney, NSW, d: 16 Sep 1992 in Canberra ACT

……………………….. 5 James Nicholas (Jim) MURRAY b: 17 Apr 1908 in Darbys Falls NSW, d: 08 Aug 1974 in Canowindra NSW

……………………….. + Pauline Marjory (Marj) CROWE b: 17 Oct 1917 in Canowindra NSW, m: 09 Sep 1949 in Canowindra (RC) NSW, d: 27 Aug 2009 in Canowindra, NSW

………………….. 4 Charles Henry Marshall MURRAY b: 24 Jun 1863, d: 21 May 1912 in Campbelltown NSW

………………….. + Catherine (Kate) TARLINTON b: 09 Jul 1866, m: 23 Jan 1895 in ‘Quaama’ nr Cobargo NSW

……………………….. 5 Gladys Mary MURRAY b: 25 Sep 1899, d: 09 Feb 1988

……………………….. + Thomas BEVAN b: 12 Jul 1899, m: 06 Apr 1924, d: 30 Mar 1988

……………………….. 5 Claude Charles Tarlinton MURRAY b: Abt. 1901, d: Feb 1963

……………………….. + Bertha Annie CLARK m: 07 Apr 1923 in St Andrews, Summer Hill, NSW, d: 12 Mar 1929

……………………….. + Mary Gertrude (SHERACK) FITZGIBBON m: 1939 in Annandale, NSW

……………………….. + Margaret Greta CARROLL m: 1950 in Reg. Campbelltown, NSW

………………….. 4 Mary Magdalene (Lena) MURRAY b: 24 Feb 1865 in Avondale, Ulladulla, NSW, d: 29 Jun 1905 in 14 Forsyth St., Glebe

………………….. + Martin Charles BRENNAN b: 28 Jan 1855 in Gunning, NSW, m: 13 Feb 1889 in RC Leichhardt School, d: 1930 in Bombala NSW

……………………….. 5 Gertrude Florence BRENNAN b: 1890 in Cowra, NSW, d: 04 Sep 1977 in NSW

……………………….. + William John BINGLE b: 01 Jan 1884 in Sydney, NSW, m: 1909 in Redfern NSW,

d: 1957 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. 5 Aileen Claire BRENNAN b: 05 Jan 1891 in Canowindra, NSW, d: 1979

……………………….. + John Andrew PARKES b: 15 Feb 1888 in Little Plain, Bombala, NSW, m: 1912 in Sydney NSW, d: 03 Nov 1957 in Bombala, NSW

……………………….. 5 Kathleen Mary BRENNAN b: 23 Dec 1893 in Canowindra, NSW, d: 1976 in Liverpool NSW

……………………….. + Clarence George HARTLEY b: 1886 in Camperdown NSW, m: 1918 in Liverpool RC Church, NSW, d: 16 May 1951 in Liverpool NSW

……………………….. 5 Genevieve A BRENNAN b: 1895 in Canowindra, NSW, d: 1903 in Canowindra, NSW

……………………….. 5 Mary Josephine BRENNAN b: 1896 in Parkes, NSW

……………………….. + Roy STEWART b: 1895 in Bombala NSW, m: 1920 in Bombala, NSW

……………………….. 5 Gordon Bede BRENNAN b: 15 Mar 1899 in Parkes, NSW, d: 14 Nov 1916 in KIA Flers, France

……………………….. 5 Gertrude A BRENNAN

………………….. 4 George D’Arcy MURRAY b: 1867 in Yatte Yattah, NSW, d: 08 Jan 1946 in Harmill, nr Maclean, NSW

………………….. 4 Rose Gertrude MURRAY b: 04 Jun 1869, d: 1935 in Staines, Middlesex, Eng.

………………….. + Robert Alexander BOYD b: 1869, m: 02 May 1900 in Teddington, Kingston on Thames, Middlesex, UK

……………………….. 5 Dorothea Elizabeth BOYD b: 1907 in Bangor Down, nr Belfast, NI

……………………….. + Herbert Charles BOWEN m: 1930 in Kensington, Middlesex, England

……………………….. 5 Geoffrey Murray BOYD b: 1901 in Bangor Down, nr Belfast, NI

……………………….. + Gladys BOYD# b: Abt. 1897

……………………….. 5 Allan Conyngham BOYD b: 1902 in Bangor Down, nr Belfast, NI, d: 15 Aug 1943 in KIA WWll, Buried Tripoli CWGC War Cemetery 5.A.19

………………….. 4 Louis Ignatius MURRAY b: 31 Jul 1871, d: 10 Sep 1938 in Sydney NSW

………………….. + Amy Isobel SOUTER b: 03 Aug 1878, m: 27 Mar 1901, d: 25 Aug 1962

……………………….. 5 Louis John MURRAY b: 21 May 1902, d: 15 Nov 1964

……………………….. + Doris Lilian Ayers PARR m: 14 Jan 1930 in ., d: 1998 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. 5 Donald Arthur MURRAY b: 23 Jul 1905, d: 25 Mar 1945 in Sandakan Borneo POW Camp. Listed Labuan War cemetery.

……………………….. + Patrice Dorothy Sydney WYATT b: 19 Feb 1908, m: 15 Oct 1931 in St. Stephen’s, Sydney, NSW, d: 16 Aug 1947

……………………….. 5 Philip Charles MURRAY b: 24 Sep 1906, d: 10 Feb 1942 in Kranji War Cemetery,  Singapore

……………………….. + Edna WALLACE

………………….. 4 Elizabeth Clare (Lillie) MURRAY b: 11 Aug 1873 in Sydney NSW, d: 31 May 1929 in Young NSW

………………….. + Laurence John O’NEILL b: 1867, m: 1911 in Annandale, d: 19 Dec 1940 in Boorowa NSW

……………………….. 5 Mary E (Mollie) O’NEILL b: 1913, d: 1970 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. + John SULLIVAN

………………….. + Percival Hamilton STEPHEN b: 1873 in Adelong NSW, m: 1901 in Annandale (RC),  d: 14 Jun 1902 in 28 Carrington St Summer Hill NSW

……………………….. 5 Elizabeth Clare Hamilton (Doodie) STEPHEN b: 10 Jan 1902

……………………….. + Thomas PORTER m: 24 Jun 1926 in Sydney NSW

………………………. + ? SCRIVENER

………………….. 4 Ernest Herbert MURRAY b: 07 Nov 1875 in ‘Avondale’, Ulladulla, NSW, d: 1942 in Woollahra, NSW

………………….. + Lavina M (Vena) GOLDSTRAW m: 1907 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. 5 Alice M MURRAY b: 05 Jul 1907, d: 1980 in Pennant Hills NSW

……………………….. + E. L. MYER m: 1953 in Paddington NSW

……………………….. 5 Jean Phillomene MURRAY b: 21 Mar 1912, d: 1984 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. + Donald Keith HUGHES m: 1938 in Kingsford NSW

……………………….. 5 Lorraine I (Laurie) MURRAY b: 1918

………………….. 4 William Augustine (Bill) MURRAY b: 27 Jul 1879 in Yatte Yattah, NSW, d: 04 May 1949 in Concord Repatriation Hospital, NSW

………………….. + Mary Teresa CUMMINS m: 1904 in Dubbo, NSW

………………….. 4 Helen/Ellen Mary MURRAY b: 14 Aug 1881 in ‘Avondale’, Ulladulla NSW, d: 19 Aug 1958 in Mosman NSW

………………….. + John Nagle SLATTERY b: 1881 in Sydney NSW, m: 14 Aug 1905 in St Brendans RC Annandale NSW

……………………….. 5 Anne Elizabeth SLATTERY b: 07 Jul 1906, d: 31 Oct 1978 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. 5 Thomas Michael SLATTERY b: 29 Mar 1908, d: 27 Dec 1996 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. + Beatrice Monica (Mona) ANSCHAU m: 30 Jan 1954

……………………….. 5 Helen Clare (Clare) SLATTERY b: 19 Oct 1910, d: 11 Apr 1955 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. 5 Mary Therese SLATTERY Twin, b: 12 Mar 1912, d: 26 Apr 1982 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. 5 John Edward SLATTERY Twin, b: 12 Mar 1912, d: 18 Mar 1971 in Canberra ACT

……………………….. + Enid KEARNEY m: 1943

……………………….. 5 Edward James (Ted) SLATTERY b: 07 Feb 1914, d: 29 Mar 2000 in Mosman NSW

……………………….. + Margaret O’CONNOR m: 07 Apr 1951

……………………….. 5 Elizabeth Clare (Betty) SLATTERY b: 08 Jun 1915, d: 1949

……………………….. 5 Anthony Lawrence (Tony) SLATTERY b: 24 Aug 1919, d: 24 Jul 1987 in Sydney, NSW

……………………….. + Norah MAHER m: 1946

……………………….. 5 Patrick Conyngham SLATTERY Twin, b: 04 Jun 1922

……………………….. + Mary VOSS m: 13 Aug 1953

……………………….. 5 Lawrence Murray (Larry) SLATTERY Twin, b: 04 Jun 1922, d: 03 Jul 1996 in Sydney NSW

……………………….. + J Patricia KAIN m: 10 Apr 1948

…………….. 3 Edward E CONYNGHAM b: 1839 in Sydney NSW, d: 25 Jul 1857 in Residence of Francis McMahon, 400 Brickfield Hill,Sydney NSW

……….. 2 Charles MARSHALL b: 23 Jun 1817 in Sydney NSW, d: 21 Mar 1874 in Milton NSW

……….. + Elizabeth CROWLEY b: 1815 in Dublin IRE, m: 01 Oct 1862 in Captain Cook Hotel,

Sarsfield,Gippsland, Vic, d: 1866 in Bairnsdale VIC

 1861 – 1865

Aug 1861         Payable gold found at ‘Begobigal’. Now called Forbes.

25 Sep,            Mary O’ Shaughnessy born Cowra.[1]

Oct 1861         Sometime in this month I went to Forbes gold rush. 

Jan 1862         Keeping a store in Forbes at the great rush. I kept the store in Forbes to Sep 1862.

Oct 1862         James Mclnernery, James Butler[2], John Fitzgerald and I and two others took up extended claim No. 24, 25, 6, and 7 on the South lead to work some old ground. We put a whim and a puddling machine on the claim.

Nov 1862        Working in the claim. Poor dividends. Heavy expenses. We got flooded out. Took 10 days to bail her out.

Dec 1862.       Working in the claim fine, damp, very troublesome. Water very strong.

24 Jan 1863    All left claim and gave all the fixings and plant to William Curry. I came up to Cowra.

Jun 1863.        I took Thomas Jace out to Patrick Walsh’s, ‘Kikiamah’. Patrick Fitzgibbon was there.

Sep 1863.        I bought a mob of horses from P. O’ Mealy[3] at Weddin Mountain to take to Queensland.

1 Oct 1863      Canowindra – bound for Queensland and about four hundred head of horses. James McInerney, Willie Hood and I, we had about an equal number of horses each.

2 Oct  1863     Toogong

3/4 Oct  1863  Boree Cabonne. Molong, Copper Hill.[4]

5 Oct  1863     Three Rivers, Black Rock (6 th), Wellington (7), Ponto (8), Murrumbidgerie (9), Dubbo (10), Barbigal (11), Murrungundi (12).

13 Oct 1863    We lost all the horses. The ground was too boggy. We could not gallop after them. Some of them we found at Wellington. It took until 17 Nov to get them together. I was 40 head short. We got ready to make another start from Murrungundi.

18 Nov 1863   Nairne, Cobbora (19 th)[5], Bolaro (20), Denison Town (21)[6], Coolah (22), Oakey Creek (23), Bomera (24), Tambar Springs (25), Mullaley Mountain, Liverpool Plains (26)[7], Ghoolendadi (27), The Rocks, Namoi River (28), Broadwater (29), Narrabri (30).

1 Dec 1863     Gladdery, Boggy Creek (2nd), Millie (3), Big Bumble (4), Moone (5), Webillabulla (6), Pelomelama (7), Bagamidi (8), Gannawaldi (9), Yalleroi (10), Dight’s yards (11), Yetman, Dight’s, McIntyre River (12), Bebo Sovereign River (13), Dine’s Yard, McIntyre Brook (14), Inglewood Township on the Brook (15), Gore’s Yard (16), Stonehenge (17), Canal Creek (18), Allangoman, Condamine River (19).

20 Dec 1863   Passed Felton to Etonvale. We stayed there up to the 29th. We spent our Christmas on the plains tailing the horses.

29 Dec 1863   Drayton. [8]

30 Dec 1863   Toowoomba. It took us about a week to sell the horses. I took some horses to Ipswich and went back to Toowoomba and then started in the coach to Ipswich and by coach to Brisbane We took steamer for Sydney. From Sydney by coach to Cowra.

10 Jan 1864    Ignatius 0′ Shaugnessy born at Cowra.[9]

Mar 1864         I went out to Kikiamah.

Oct 1864         I left Kikiamah and came to Cowra.

1 Jan 1865      I rode down to W.  Walsh’s at Forbes. W Walsh and I went to Josiah Strickland[10] to a muster at Bundaburra. We met James Parker from Mulgutherie there. I agreed to go droving for him for 150 pound per annum. Next day I got to Mulgutherie allright.

11 Jan 1865    I started from Mulgutherie with five men and a horse and cart for a mob of Brown’s cattle at Cannonbar. We followed the Bogan down to Bulgandramine and from there to Wallaby and  on to Narromine, Christie’s, Macquarie River. Down the river to Warren, turned off the river at Warren and followed a creek down to Cannonbar, Brown’s station. Brown kept a public house and a store and we met Mr Parker and Webber and Argent and Slowcombe. They were employed by Augustus Morris to but fat cattle. We got 150 head of fat cattle at Cannonbar. We travelled across onto the Bogan and up to Mudhall, another station of Brown’s. We got 200 head of bullocks. We travelled up the Bogan.

5 Feb 1865      Arrived at Mulgutherie with Brown’s cattle.

8 Feb 1865      Started for Aron’s cattle. I met a mob bought from Wood and came back with them to Mulgutherie.

7 Mar 1865      Arrived at Mulgutherie Station with Wood’s cattle.

8 Mar 1865      Started to meet Gardiner’s and Beard’s cattle. Met them at Palmer’s on the Bogan and took charge of them.

14 Mar 1865    Arrived at Mulgutherie with Gardiner and beard’s cattle.

17 Mar 1865    Started up to Finn’s, Wowringerong for cattle. Mr Parker could not agree for them they were a poor lot.

18 Mar 1865    Started back to Mulgutherie.

28 Apr 1865    Started for Gummin Gummin near Coonamble[11] for cattle. I met a mob at Narromine. I took charge of them and turned back and met Webber at Bulgungerim. His man took charge of them. Webber and I started back again and met Brocklehurst’s cattle at Wallaby. Webber took charge of them. The next day I went to Narromine. I met Argent and Slowcombe there. They started back with me to Mulgutherie.

13 May 1865   Argent, Slowcombe and I arrived at Mulgutherie.

23 May 1865   To Gunninghlan. Argent, Slowcombe and I bound for Gummin Gummin.

24 May 1865   Kinanage, Spring Creek (25th), Narromine (26).

27 May 1865   Slowcombe and Argent went to Dubbo races. I stayed at Narromine, Christies.

30 May 1865   Argent and Slowcombe came from Dubbo. Bought no cattle.

31 May 1865   I started back for Mulgutherie and reached Kinanangee.

1 Jun  1865     I reached Mulgutherie and stayed there up to 16th June.

16 Jun 1865    Burrawang. I had six men, a cart and two horses and dray, going for cattle to Brocklehursts, Euroka Station[12], Walgett.

17 Jun 1865    Gunningbland (17), Palmer’s Plain (18), Kinanange, Gilmore’s Station (20), Three miles past Bulgandramine (20), Spring Creek, passed Tomingly (21), Narromine, crossed the Macquarie (22).

23 Jun 1865    Burraway 15 miles, 4 miles past.

24 Jun 1865    Wambeana, Christies Cattle Station 17 miles.

25 Jun 1865    Wambandry 12 miles. Three miles past. We met Dave Hepburn with a mob of fat cattle for Mulgutherie.

26 Jun 1865    Billa Bulla 18 miles.

27 Jun 1865    Dungaleer 13 miles.

28 Jun 1865    Gradgery, Wild’s Station on the Marthaguy 18 Miles.

29 Jun 1865    We left the Marthaguy on the left to a sheep station 8 miles.

30 Jun 1865    Mobbilly, Cheatham’s Station on the Merri Merri Creek. 14 miles. Three miles past.

1 Jul 1865       Quambone, Flood’s 3 miles. Nyangan Creek through the monkey scrub 14 miles.

2 Jul 1865       Joseph Aaron’s station on Nyangan Creek.

3 Jul 1865       Gungalmine, Mylecharanes on a lagoon 12 miles.

4 Jul 1865       Michael Morris’ station on the Castlereagh River 12 miles. All plain. No water.

5 Jul 1865       Polly Brennan. 10 miles following the Castlereagh down to Gidgeon, Flood’s. 3 miles.

6 Jul 1865       Left the Castlereagh here and crossed plains to Walgett 25 miles. At the junction of the Namoi with the Darling River or Barwon. Two public houses and stores. Old Euroka Station 5 miles.

7 Jul 1865       Euroka Brocklehurst’s Station 4 miles.

8 Jul 1865       Camped. Waiting for Argent and Slowcombe.

9 Jul 1865       Camped.

10 Jul 1865     I went up to Walgett. I saw Joe Arons there.

11 Jul 1865     Argent and Slowcombe came.

12  Jul 1865    Camped. Annie O’Shaughnessy born at Cowra.

13 Jul 1865     Camped.

14 Jul 1865     Brocklehurst came.

15 Jul 1865     I went up to Walgett.

16 Jul 1865     Commenced to muster.

17 Jul 1865     Argent bought 60 head of cattle. Doyles on the Namoi.

18 Jul 1865     I sent two men for Doyle’s cattle.

19 Jul 1865     Tailing cattle.

20 Jul 1865     Tailing cattle.

21 Jul 1865     Started with Brocklehurst’s cattle and got to Gidgeon,

22 Jul 1865     Wanganellah Swamp 12 miles.

23 Jul 1865     Dargin’s station on the Wammerawa (Macquarie) 15 miles.

24 Jul 1865     To an old station of Dirty Bob’s. 8 miles. No road.

25 Jul 1865     Pelicawarrina. Followed the reed beds round. No road. Fine open country. 15 miles.

26 Jul 1865     Followed the Bulbiger Creek. No road. 4 miles.

27 Jul 1865     Lowe’s Station on the Macquarie. The reed beds start here. All plains. No road.12 miles.

28 Jul 1865     Quandong Old station Cruickshanks. 3 miles.

29 Jul 1865     Derrimah Cruickshanks. 6 miles.

30 Jul 1865     Mount Harris. Bryan Egan’s Station 9 miles. I took delivery of 188 head of cattle from Joe Aarons.

31 Jul 1865     Dungaleer. One mile past. 9 miles.

1 Aug 1865      Within two miles of Billa Bulla. 9 miles.

2 Aug 1865      Within two miles. Evanmar. 8 miles.

3 Aug 1865      Within a mile of Killandron. 10 miles.

4 Aug 1865      Two miles past Wambandry. 7 miles

5 Aug 1865      Wambiana Fence. 7 miles.

6 Aug 1865      Three miles past Gallimarri 7 miles.

7 Aug 1865      Within four miles of Burraway. 10 miles.

8 Aug 1865      Three miles above Burraway. 7 miles.

9 Aug 1865      Crossed the Macquarie at Timrebonge, followed river up. 7 miles.

10 Aug 1865    Three miles. Camped.

11 Aug 1865    Narromine. Christie’s. 5 miles.

12 Aug 1865    Narromine paddock. 3 miles.

13 Aug 1865    Within two miles of Wallaby. 10 miles.

14 Aug 1865    Tomingley Creek. 11 miles.

15 Aug 1865    Bulgandramine. Gilmore’s. Bogan River. 12 miles.

16 Aug 1865    Kinanage. Gilmore’s. 12 miles.

17 Aug 1865    Within two miles of Gradgery. Palmer’s. 6 miles.

18 Aug 1865    Five miles past Palmer’s.

19 Aug 1865    Gunningbland. Parker’s station. 20 miles.

20 Aug 1865    Monomie. Parker’s. 6 miles.

21 Aug 1865    Camped at Monomie.

22 Aug 1865    Gunning Gap. Parker’s. 8 miles.

23 Aug 1865    Grudgery. Parker’s. on the Lachlan River. 6 miles.

24 Aug 1865    Delivered the cattle to Webber and came up to Forbes.

25 Aug 1865    Binda. Michael Walsh’s Station. 30 miles.

26 Aug 1865    Cowra 30 miles. Stayed in Cowra up to 10 September.

11 Sep 1865    Goolagong 25 miles.

12 Sep 1865    Forbes 40 miles.

13 Sep 1865    Grudgery 15 miles.

14 Sep 1865    Mulgutherie 25 miles.

15 Sep 1865    Grudgery 15 miles. Stayed at Grudgery up to 18 September.

19 Sep 1865    Started with 150 head of fat cattle. Crossed over the river to Jimelong. 2 miles. Camped there all night.

20 Sep 1865    Bundaburra. Stricklands. We went out in the evening to the Tallabung Mountain to muster cattle. Camped at a hut of Strickland.

21 Sep 1865    Came in to Bundaburra and drafted the cattle.

22 Sep 1865    Went out on the run and brought in cattle and drafted them.


23 Sep 1865    We put all the fat cattle through the yards. D Hepburn took charge of them and started for Bendigo. I took the spring cart up to Forbes and back to Bundaburra.

24 Sep 1865    Grudgery.

25 Sep 1865    Mulgutherie.

26 Sep 1865    Started a man with two horses and cart. Crossed river in the island paddock. Camped opposite (Monmanga?).

27 Sep 1865    Tallabung Mountain 42 miles.

28 Sep 1865    I took charge of 358 fat cattle for Bendigo market.

29 Sep 1865    Lake Cowal. Atkins station. 20 miles.

30 Sep 1865    Gibson’s old yard. Bland Creek. 12 miles.

1 Oct 1865      Curraburramah. Regan’s Station 14 miles.

2 Oct 1865      McGregor 6 miles. Caldwell’s 6 miles. Gardiner’s 6 miles.

3 Oct 1865      Chisholm’s 6 miles. Dacy’s Public House 10 miles.

4 Oct 1865      O’Brien’s Station 6 miles.

5 Oct 1865      Cummins Public House 9 miles. Houlaghan’s Creek Hurley’s Station 12 miles. No water for the cattle.

6 Oct 1865      Junee Public House 10 miles, to an old sheep station 6 miles. No water for the cattle. They were very troublesome.

7 Oct 1865      Wallace Town 6 miles to a free selection 4 miles. No water for the cattle.

8 Oct 1865      Wagga Wagga 6 miles. Watered the cattle at a large lagoon. Holloway’s Station 5 miles down the Murrumbidgee.

9 Oct 1865      Woolshed 6 miles. Sheep wash 5 miles. Horseshoe bend 4 miles. A large lagoon.

10 Oct 1865    Public house 2 miles. Devilin’s Station 2 miles. 4 miles to a fence, followed it three miles.

11 Oct 1865    Lupton’s 9 miles. Camped 5 miles past.

12 Oct 1865    To a station 5 miles. Came in sight of D Hepburn’s cattle. 4 miles to another station, 1 mile past and camped.

13 Oct 1865    Narranderra 2 miles. D Hepburn and I crossed our two lots onto the (Gillimbar?) side of the Murrumbidgee River and followed the river down two miles. The road turns off here for the Yanco Creek. 4 miles on and camped.

14 Oct 1865    To an old sheep station on the Yanco 8 miles. Peters 4 miles.

15 Oct 1865    To a bridge 5 miles. To a bend on the Yanco 6 miles.

16 Oct 1865    A sheep station 4 miles. Another sheep station 4 miles. 2 miles to a woolshed.

17 Oct 1865    5 miles to a gate. 4 miles to another gate. 3 miles to a public house.

18 Oct 1865    In two miles we leave the Yanco. Turn Back Jimmy Dam 8 miles . All plain.

19 Oct 1865    Jerilderie Township on the Billabong Creek 7 miles. 4 miles past to a gate.

20 Oct 1865    6 miles to a gate and a dam. Forest Creek. 4 miles.

21 Oct 1865    Cornago Public House 5 miles. Leave the Billabong 8 miles.

22 Oct 1865    Deniliquin Township on the Edwards River 12 miles. Swam the cattle across the Edwards River. 4 miles to a selection. We had to shift our cattle in the night for fear of being impounded.

23 Oct 1865    Hill Plain Public House 5 miles. The Gulpa 6 miles. The Gulpa is a branch of the Edwards River.

24 Oct 1865    Red Bank Hotel 5 miles. I met Webber here. Moira Swamp 5 miles.

25 Oct 1865    Moira Hotel O’Shannasy’s Station 3 miles. Maiden’s Forest 6 miles. Moama[13], Murray River 5 miles.

26 Oct 1865    Crossed the cattle at Moama. It was a long swim for them. Followed the Murray up to the junction of the Goulburn River 4 miles.

27 Oct 1865    F Parker came from Melbourne and picked out all the fat cattle from the two mobs. I took charge of the two lots. David Hepburn went to Melbourne with Fred Parker.

28 Oct 1865    (Radway?) Dam 5 miles. 9 mile point 4 miles.

29 Oct 1865    Rochester. Sewards Hotel 5 miles. 3 miles past.

30 Oct 1865    Barrows Hotel on the Campaspe 10 miles.

31 Oct 1865    Pearces Hotel 8 miles. Tobin’s on Forest Creek 2 miles. Camped two miles past.

1 Nov 1865     Mathieson’s on Forest Creek 8 miles. This is on the main road from Bendigo to Kilmore and Melbourne.

2 Nov 1865     Sandhurst[14] by coach to see our agent. 25 miles.

3 Nov 1865     To Mathieson’s by coach. Mr Parker and our agent at the Melbourne races.[15] Camped four days at Mathieson’s.

8 Nov 1865     I delivered 530 head of cattle to James Fulton. I started all themen with sparehorses and two carts for Mulgutherie. I went by coachto Sandhurst.

9 Nov 1865     Sandhurst all day.

10 Nov 1865   I went by rail to Runnymede and met the men at Barron’s Hotel and  travelled on to Rochester.

11 Nov 1865   Echuca. Murray River. Camped.

12 Nov 1865   Camped all day.

13 Nov 1865   I got the carts repaired.

14 Nov 1865   Moira. 3 miles passed. Camped on the swamp.

15 Nov 1865   Hill Plain Public House. Put the horses across the Gulpa.

16 Nov 1865   One horse missing all day. Found him late in the evening.

17 Nov 1865   Deniliquin. Crossed over the Edwards and out to the reserve.

18 Nov 1865   Carnago 7 miles past.

19 Nov 1865   Within 8 miles of Jerilderie.

20 Nov 1865   Turn Back Jimmy Dam.

21 Nov 1865   Two miles past Peters Station on the Yanco.

22 Nov 1865   A station of Peters on the Yanco.

23 Nov 1865   Gillinbar on the Murrumbidgee

24 Nov 1865   Medium, Flood’s 12 miles.

25 Nov 1865   Clark’s dam on the Merool Creek 18 miles.

26 Nov 1865   Mrs Hardy’s. Up the Merool Creek 18 miles.

27 Nov 1865   Up the Mirrool Creek 5 miles. Leave the Merool Creek on the right hand. No road to Hume’s Station. 12 miles.

28 Nov 1865   To an old sheep station 7 miles. Mr McNamara’s 9 miles. McNichols new station 10 miles.

29 Nov 1865   Chisholm’s station on the Bland Creek 9 miles. Gibson’s old yard 10 miles.

30 Nov 1865   Thomas Lee’s Station on Lake Cowal 16 miles.

1 Dec 1865     (Manna?) Mountain. E Jones’ Station 25 miles.

2 Dec 1865     Cadow. E Jones’ home station on the Lachlan River 12 miles. Crossed the river and followed down to Mulgutherie. 5 miles.

6 Dec 1865     Collecting horses in the paddocks.

9 Dec 1865     (Burronaberria?) Surveying for a line of fence.

11 Dec 1865   Gathering all the cattle out of the paddocks.

20 Dec 1865   Forbes 20 miles.

21 Dec 1865   Goolagong. Stayed at James Mc Inerney’s above Goolagong. 35 miles.

22 Dec 1865   Cowra 25 miles. Stayed in Cowra up to 31st  December.

31 Nov 1865   Binda.  Michael Walsh’s station.

To return to O’Shaughnessy Main Page, click here.

To go to Part Five 1866, click here.


1 Jan 1900      Painting gates. 98 in the shade.

2 Jan 1900      Sent papers to Minnie. Painted a gate. 96 in the shade.

3 Jan 1900      I painted fowl house. Harry Hart married to Lilly Fitzgerald the Younger

4 Jan 1900      Painting gates. 100 in the shade.

5 Jan 1900      Painted a gate. Stibbard took bay pony. 27 points rain last night.

6 Jan 1900      I rode up to Twigs. I painted fowl house.

7 Jan 1900      Sunday. Mr and Mrs Squire drove out. Cloudy day.

8 Jan 1900      I harrowed the garden twice. 12 points of rain.

9 Jan 1900      I painted inside of fowl house.

10 Jan 1900    I rode to Jack Hood’s old place. Squire bought it. £2-16-0 per acre. 36 points.

11 Jan 1900    A letter from Grace. Mr Squire took possession yesterday. Cold wind.

12 Jan 1900    I rode up to Twigs. Jack Hood and family left Cowra for 30 miles below Condobolin.

13 Jan 1900    Digging around fruit trees. A letter from Mark Luman re Solomon Island cruise.

14 Jan 1900    Sunday. I met Mr Squire at Jack Hood’s old place. H. Watt called. Hot day.

15 Jan 1900    I went over the garden with the cultivator and harrowed it. 95 in the shade.

16 Jan 1900    Cutting seedlings. 95 in the shade.

17 Jan 1900    Cutting seedlings. 96 in the shade.

18 Jan 1900    A letter from Mr Squire with £7-10-0. Cutting seedlings. Hot day.

19 Jan 1900    Cutting seedlings. Hot sultry day.

20 Jan 1900    I rode to Cowra for rams. Too wet to bring them. I got a parcel of opals from Grace in Sydney.

21 Jan 1900    Sunday. Mr Squire rode out. Fine cool day.

22 Jan 1900    I put the cultivator over the garden. Twig trashing at Anderson’s.

23 Jan 1900    I rode to Cowra and brought 21 rams. Had dinner at Jim’s. Hot day.

24 Jan 1900    Put rams into top paddock. Sent letter to Kitty. I start 31 Jan to her place.

25 Jan 1900    I rode up to Twigs and got ½ a sheep.

26 Jan 1900    Anniversary of N.S.W. Mr Squire rode out.

27 Jan 1900    Fixing up buggy. Mr Squire and two Chambers caught black cold. 94 in shade.

28 Jan 1900    Sunday. At home. 98 in the Shade.

29 Jan 1900    I rode to Cowra and got my horse shod.

30 Jan 1900    Great dust storm last night with a few drops of rain.

31 Jan 1900    I drove to Mount McDonald 28 miles. Stayed with P. Fitzgibbons.


1 Feb 1900      Drove to Bigga. 20 miles. Blanket Flat Post Office 6 miles. Met R. McDonnel. He put his horse in buggy and put my horse in his paddock. He drove to Crooked Corner Post Office. Turned off the Binda Road to the right. 3 miles to his place on Mulgowrie Creek, Glenara.

2 Feb 1900      At Glenara all day.

3 Feb 1900      At Glenara. Very hot weather.

4 Feb 1900      Sunday. Very hot. Great thunder after dark. Not much rain.

5 Feb 1900      Very hot all day.

6 Feb 1900      Great heat today.

7 Feb 1900      Robert & Angus Selby and I got a prospect in Mulgowrie Creek.

8 Feb 1900      I walked down the Creek to cultivation paddock. Hot.

9 Feb 1900      At Robert McDonnel’s.

10 Feb 1900    Very hot all day.

11 Feb 1900    Sunday. Hot day.

12 Feb 1900    At Glenara.

13 Feb 1900    Started for Cowra 13 miles to Tranter’s Hotel. Stayed all night.

14 Feb 1900    Mount McDonald 25 miles.

15 Feb 1900    Got to Cowra at 1 o’clock and to Yarra at 3 o’clock. Great wind.

16 Feb 1900    I put the lambs into stubble paddock. Very hot day.

17 Feb 1900    Cutting Bathurst burr all day.

18 Feb 1900    Sunday. Mr McDonald and Mrs Watt called. Windy day.

19 Feb 1900    Cutting Burr. Kevin Cornelius Augustine Cummins J.P. at Vernon Terrace Woollahra formerly of Darlington Point, Murrumbidgee.

20 Feb 1900    Cutting seedlings. Hot day. Great wind.

21 Feb 1900    Cutting seedlings. Very hot.

22 Feb 1900    I rode Tom the horse to Cowra and the pony back.

23 Feb 1900    Ringbarking trees at the lower dam. 95 in the shade.

24 Feb 1900    Fixing up posts around wattles. 102 in the Shade.

25 Feb 1900    Sunday. I rode to Hood’s old place. Whittakers drafting sheep there. 100 in shade.

26 Feb 1900    I drove into Cowra and back. Cutting burrs in the evening. 100 in shade.

27 Feb 1900    A red dust storm. I saw 4 lambs in John Bryant’s sheep.

28 Feb 1900    Getting posts and putting netting around the trees. Real hot.

1 Mar 1900      Dennis McGrath sold his place to Pat McGrath as is shifting their house to the Pines, Pat’s place. Very hot day.

2 Mar 1900      Cutting seedlings. Great storm with a little rain.

3 Mar 1900      I harrowed the garden. Mr and Mrs Squire drove out.

4 Mar 1900      Sunday. I rode over to Jack Hood’s old place.

5 Mar 1900      Cutting seedlings at Hood place. Delaney passed through to J. Bryant’s.

6 Mar 1900      It rained 39 points last night and 56 points today.

7 Mar 1900      Cutting seedlings. Mrs Squire drove out. Cold night.

8 Mar 1900      I put the cultivator over the garden. A letter from Grace.

9 Mar 1900      I put the cultivator twice over the garden.

10 Mar 1900    Burning of timber near gate. Mr and Mrs Squire drove out.

11 Mar 1900    Sunday. At home all day.

12 Mar 1900    Cutting seedlings at Hood old place. Hot day.

13 Mar 1900    Finished cutting seedlings. Hot day.

14 Mar 1900    Some party had a.picnic tonight while I was at Hood’s place.

15 Mar 1900    I rode to Jack Hood’s old place. Light shower this morning.

16 Mar 1900    Cutting burrs. Hot day.

17 Mar 1900    Cutting burrs. Got a cheque from P. Squire £5-0-0.

18 Mar 1900    Sunday. Mr and Mrs Squire drove out. Very hot day.

19 Mar 1900    Burning of some timber at Hood’s old place.

20 Mar 1900    Looking after the sheep while Tom Bryant burnt stubbles. A shower.

21 Mar 1900    Working over at Hood’s old place. Mr and Mrs Squire drove out.

22 Mar 1900    I rode over to Hood’s old place and made up some fires.

23 Mar 1900    Burning off at Hood’s. Sent Grace £2-0-0 to Sydney.

24 Mar 1900    Tom Bryant started to plough. Great wind after dark.

25 Mar 1900    Sunday. I rode up to Hugh Watts and had dinner. Cold wind blowing.

26 Mar 1900    I drove to Cowra. Samuel Brown died at the Australian Hotel.

27 Mar 1900    I drove to Cowra and went to Samuel Brown’s funeral.

28 Mar 1900    Waiting for Mr Squire to come to draft lambs.

29 Mar 1900    Davis brought 31 bags bluestoned wheat.

30 Mar 1900    Rode to Cowra to bring sheep. Rained too heavy. I came back. 19 points.

31 Mar 1900    Showers all day. 38 points. Fixing my Specimens. Bubonic Plague raging in Sydney.

1 Apr 1900      Sunday. Mr and Mrs Watt and Mr McDonald Teacher called. 38 points.

2 Apr 1900      Working in garden. 5 points rain.

3 Apr 1900      Working in the Garden. Sent a letter to David Middlemiss.

4 Apr 1900      Putting guard around wattles at Hood’s old place. Mr and Mrs Squire came there. He found fault with everything. We had some sharp words. He gave me a month’s notice. I said pay me the month and I would leave then. He agreed. I said that after what he said that I could not stay.

5 Apr 1900      I rode up to Hugh Watt’s. Assisted to put on a load of wheat.

6 Apr 1900      H. Watt came with the wagon and loaded it. I put the glass cases in the wagonette. Came to Cowra and put all things in my house and went back to Yarra. Mrs Riddle died at the Hospital.

7 Apr 1900      I lent Mrs Watt my Buckboard. I drove the wagonette to Cowra. I gave Squire the keys. I went and saw Mr Jaquet the Geologist.

8 Apr 1900      Sunday. Cleaning out the house. Agreed with Mr Jaquet to go to Broula tomorrow.

9 Apr 1900      Raining too heavy to go to Broula. Agreed to go tomorrow.

10 Apr 1900    Mr Jaquet and another gent and I started. Raining all the way to top of Broula.



10 Apr 1900    Mr Jaquet and another gent and I started. Rained all the way to top of Broula. We turned back. Rained all the way back.

11 Apr 1900    Fixing my chimney. Got 9 shets of black iron from Francis and McDonald.

12 Apr 1900    Putting black iron fotr a wall at the back. Cold day.

13 Apr 1900    Good Friday. Finished putting up iron. Fine day.

14 Apr 1900    Got some specimens from John Chapman. A bill for rates. 5/7.

15 Apr 1900    Sunday. Easter Sunday. Light showers. Cold day.

16 Apr 1900    Easter Monday. Raining last night. Saw P Fitzgibbon at the races.

17 Apr 1900    George Hurst assisted to put up posts for buggy shed.

18 Apr 1900    Hurst and I put up wall plates and rafters.

19 Apr 1900    Hurst and I put on the iron. Got some tin specimens from the (deposit?)

20 Apr 1900    I finished the shed. T Starr paid me £2.14.0 for a rifle.

21 Apr 1900    I showed Mr Jaquet all the ironstone lodes about Broula.

22 Apr 1900    Sunday. At home. Mr Jaquet went to Canowindra on a bike.

23 Apr 1900    I bought some (scantiling?) for 5/-. A few showers.

24 Apr 1900    Heavy rain last night. And showers today.

25 Apr 1900    Finished putting up slabs to buggy shed.

26 Apr 1900    Finished shed. Sent a letter to Grace at Milton, near Ulladulla.

27 Apr 1900    I finished fixing front gate.

28 Apr 1900    Cleaning up the yard. A good shower after dark.

29 Apr 1900    Sunday. Light showers during the day. I had a look at the weir.

30 Apr 1900    I got the Milton and Ulladulla newspapers which J.Hackett sends off.

1 May 1900     Went by coach to H Watt’s. I rode my horse to Broula. Got some ironstone. Came back and stayed at Watt’s all night. Bank NSW Manager, Grenfell, shot.

2 May 1900     Came to Cowra. Frost this morning.

3 May 1900     My horse got out of the Common. I put him in Grogan’s. 1/3 per week.

4 May 1900     I sent ironstone specimens to Mr Jaquet, Mines Department.

5 May 1900     Fixing up wagonette. Sports on the flat opposite Gould’s.

6 May 1900     Sunday. I went to Walsh’s and had tea there.

7 May 1900     I went to Walsh’s early and bailed up a cow.

8 May 1900     Bailed up the cow. A letter from Grace. All the Hacketts and herself at Nyngan.

9 May 1900     Working at the wagonette. A good shower last night.

10 May 1900   Madame Rigaut very ill. Warm day.

11 May 1900   Took some of the buggy harness to Butler’s to repair. White frost.

12 May 1900   I finished the wagonette. Warm day.

13 May 1900   Sunday. At home. I had a look at the weir.

14 May 1900   I sold to McDonald 6 squared logs and some Oregon boards. White frost.

15 May 1900   I got my harness from Butler. Paid him £1.0.0. A letter from Minnie.

16 May 1900   I put up a pigsty for Mrs T Walsh. James Joseph Ryan, late Ryans Vale near Goulburn, died at his residence, Greenwich Park.

17 May 1900   No work. Raining all day.

18 May 1900   Fixing locks. A letter from Mr Jaquet, Geologist, Survey Department.

19 May 1900   Mafeking relieved. Cold cloudy day.

20 May 1900   Sunday. At home all day. Sent letter to Grace, Nyngan.

21 May 1900   Sent 5 sheets of plain iron to McDonald. Cold day.

22 May 1900   Went to Goolagong with John McDonald. Stayed at Budgemurry?. Raining.

23 May 1900   Drove to Bill Thompson’s and on to Glennon’s and on to Heydon’s. Had dinner. Went to Tin Pot old station and from there we crossed the creek to Holland’s. From there to Wood’s and on to Ned Ryan’s, making back to Goolagong at dark.

24 May 1900   Queen’s Birthday. Drove to Cowra. Great fireworks.

25 May 1900   At home. The water in the river half a banker.

26 May 1900   Showers all day.

27 May 1900   Sunday. raining all night.

28 May 1900   I got my horse out of Grogan’s paddock. River rising.

29 May 1900   I put my horse into the Cowra Common.

30 May 1900   George Hurst and I cut down a tree to get a blackfellow’s tombstone at the corner of Farleigh paddock, Forbes road.

31 May 1900   At home. I put Paddy the horse into the Common.

1 Jun 1900      At home. A frost.

2 Jun 1900      The weir partly washed away.

3 Jun 1900      Sunday. At home all day.

4 Jun 1900      I put the horse in the Common and brought him home at night.

5 Jun 1900      Light showers all day.

6 Jun 1900      Raining all night.

7 Jun 1900      Some light showers. River rising.

8 Jun 1900      Fine day. River rising.

9 Jun 1900      Francis and McDonald paid me £3.12.6 for timber.

10 Jun 1900    Sunday. At home. Cold wind blowing.

11 Jun 1900    Making a fly for my wagonette.

12 Jun 1900    removing a W.C. for jack peisley.

13 Jun 1900    I got a box of shells and opals from Grace O’Shaughnessy, Nyngan.

14 Jun 1900    Finished at Peisley’s. Raining in the evening.

15 Jun 1900    Sewing the fly. Fine day.

16 Jun 1900    I drove out to Daly’s and had dinner there.

17 Jun 1900    Sunday. Went to Hayes, the policeman’s sale. Saw Mrs Daly.

18 Jun 1900    Fixing up a windlass. Fine day.

19 Jun 1900    I made a bench. Warm day.

20 Jun 1900    Hurst and I fixing up a lift at Jack Connelly’s hotel.

21 Jun 1900    Repairing old kitchen at Clifton’s old place near the Brewery.

22 Jun 1900    Working at the lift. Light showers.

23 Jun 1900    Hurst and I working at the lift. Light showers.

24 Jun 1900    Sunday. Raining all night and most part of the day.

25 Jun 1900    Working at the lift. Light showers.

26 Jun 1900    Hurst and I working foe Crosbie at Egan’s new butcher shop.

27 Jun 1900    Hurst and I finished at Connelly’s lift.

28 Jun 1900    I got £1.9.6, my share at Connelly’s. Very cold day.

29 Jun 1900    Raining all night and all day. Looks as if we are to have snow.

30 Jun 1900    Very cold all day.

1 Jul 1900       At home. River falling.

2 Jul 1900       Real white frost and a fog.

3 Jul 1900       A letter from Kittie. White frost.

4 Jul 1900       Raining all night and all day. Fixing up my specimen cases.

5 Jul 1900       Snowing at 5 o’clock. In the evening, it was one foot deep.

6 Jul 1900       At 6 o’clock water overflowing the banks and running into the flour Mill yard. At 4 o’clock running into Schakel’s? store and on to P Murray’s verandah and Mrs Poole’s verandah. Falling at dark. Any amount of snow on the ground yet. Twig tried to get his sheep off the river but failed and had to get up a tree. 1425 sheep and 25 head of cattle swept away.

7 Jul 1900       At 7 o’clock water still on the flats but falling.

8 Jul 1900       Sunday. Francis and McDonald carting wet wheat from the Mill all day.

9 Jul 1900       Repairing a ladder. Like snow all day.

10 Jul 1900     Making a glass case for shells. Jim’s wife laid up with pleurisy.

11 Jul 1900     Fixing up glass case for shells. White frost

12 Jul 1900     Hurst and I taking down verandah at Gould’s Hotel.

13 Jul 1900     Hurst and I working all day at Gould’s. Cloudy.

14 Jul 1900     Working at Gould’s. Light showers.

15 Jul 1900     Sunday. Fixing up my shell case. Cold day.

16 Jul 1900     At Gould’s. Grace and Saney? Are in Sydney with two sick children.

17 Jul 1900     Working at Gould’s. White frost.

18 Jul 1900     Working at Gould’s.

19 Jul 1900     Sent a letter to Grace in Sydney. £1.0.0 enclosed.

20 Jul 1900     Finished the chimney. Cold day.

21 Jul 1900     I could not find my horse. Looking for him all day.

22 Jul 1900     Sunday. I got a horse from Sam Daly. Riding all day looking for my horse.

23 Jul 1900     Riding all day, but could not find him.

24 Jul 1900     Riding all day. No luck.

25 Jul 1900     Searched John Muir’s paddocks. Could not find him.

26 Jul 1900     Riding all day, but could not find the horse.

27 Jul 1900     No luck today.

28 Jul 1900     Saw Sergeant Kenny. Would (not) gazette my horse unless I swore he was stolen.

29 Jul 1900     Sunday. Getting ready to go to Canowindra.

30 Jul 1900     george Hurst and I drove to Canowindra. Camped near the well.

31 Jul 1900     Raining most all day. No work.

1 Aug 1900      Putting in concrete pillars for tank stand.

2 Aug 1900      Putting in concrete. Tom Wills came.

3 Aug 1900      Squaring a log for the carts to back against.

4 Aug 1900      Putting frames for tank stand.

5 Aug 1900      Sunday. At the camp all day.

6 Aug 1900      Putting up stand for tank. Mr Francis came. White frost.

7 Aug 1900      A boy named Barnes saw a man leading my horse through Canowindra the day I missed him from Cowra.

8 Aug 1900      Working at the tank stand. White frost.

9 Aug 1900      Putting iron straps on the tank stand. White frost.

10 Aug 1900    George Hurst rebnted a sulky and has gone to Cowra.

11 Aug 1900    Hurst came back. Squared trussels on cement blocks.

12 Aug 1900    Sunday. At the camp all day.

13 Aug 1900    Putting on stays. We got three boards from the timber yard.

14 Aug 1900    No work today.

15 Aug 1900    I sent a letter to sergeant Kenny. J.J. Maher died at Waverley.

16 Aug 1900    Put up two stays. Peter Mallon died, Mandurama.

17 Aug 1900    Not doing much. Very cold.

18 Aug 1900    Joe Jones brought a piece of timber from Cowra. Cold evening.

19 Aug 1900    Sunday. We drove to Cowra. Cold day.

20 Aug 1900    Thomas Whitty died in Bathurst, under an operation. 62 years old.

21 Aug 1900    As Tom Wills was going down the well at Lane’s soap factory, a piece of timber fell from the top on his head and knocked him off the rope into the water. Dead when brought up.

22 Aug 1900    I drove out to Daly’s farm and back.

23 Aug 1900    I drove out to Tom Wills’ funeral. Oddfellows march.

24 Aug 1900    No word from Forbes Inspector re well at Canowindra. Cold day.

25 Aug 1900    A fog this morning.

26 Aug 1900    Sunday. At home all day.

27 Aug 1900    Hurst and I putting up a ceiling for John Simeon.

28 Aug 1900    Finished the ceiling. Cloudy day.

29 Aug 1900    At home all day.

30 Aug 1900    Hurst drove to Canowindra and brought two letters for me.

31 Aug 1900    I put a new shaft in the wagonette.

1 Sep 1900      Links biought Showground booths. £68.0.0.

2 Sep 1900      Sunday. At home all day.

3 Sep 1900      Cutting wood. Sent a letter to Kitty. Frost.

4 Sep 1900      Making a bedroom. I have a bad cold. White frost.

5 Sep 1900      At home all day.

6 Sep 1900      At home.

7 Sep 1900      Very sick from the cold. I have got a letter from Grace.

8 Sep 1900      tenderr for troughs at Canowindra accepted.

9 Sep 1900      Sunday. I am still sick with the cold. Cold day.

10 Sep 1900    Sent in a tender to remove Watergumben? School to Gospel Oak?

11 Sep 1900    We got Daly’s mare from the Racecourse paddock.

12 Sep 1900    Light showers.

13 Sep 1900    I got £10.0.0 out of the savings bank.

14 Sep 1900    Mr Suttor, Inspector, condemned a stay on the tank stand, Canowindra.

15 Sep 1900    Mrs watts sent me Laurel Watt’s filly to keep for her.

16 Sep 1900    Sunday. I rode to the Blackfellow’s copper mine, Bumbaldry, back to Hugh Watt’s.

17 Sep 1900    I rode in to Cowra. Cloudy day.

18 Sep 1900    I put the mare in grogan’s paddock. Cloudy.

19 Sep 1900    The first day of the Cowra Show.

20 Sep 1900    Second day of the Cowra Show. 6,000 at it. At dark, a hailstorm.

21 Sep 1900    Cowra races. Fairly good crowd there.

22 Sep 1900    A letter from Grace and one from Minnie.

23 Sep 1900    Sunday. At home. Some heavy showers.

24 Sep 1900    I put up some guttering at back of house.

25 Sep 1900    I bought 60 gallon tank. I got a map from Grenfell.

26 Sep 1900    I fixed up the tank. Great wind.

27 Sep 1900    I got the little mare out of Grogan’s paddock. Very cold day.

28 Sep 1900    Very cold day.

29 Sep 1900    Sent to Tattersall’s 5/- for ticket Caulfield Cup.

30 Sep 1900    I rode out to Daly’s and back.

1 Oct 1900      I got my Elector’s Right stamped. One of the Sisters died at the Convent.

2 Oct 1900      The Sister buried in the Cowra Cemetery.

3 Oct 1900      Ready to start in the morning to Canowindra.

4 Oct 1900      Hurst and I drove to Young Brothers. Took a job to repair woolshed.

5 Oct 1900      Putting up blocks. Cold wind.

6 Oct 1900      Working at the woolshed.

7 Oct 1900      Sunday. At the camp all day.

8 Oct 1900      Finished the woolshed. Paid us £2.10 0.

9 Oct 1900      Drove to Canowindra and put up a stay to tank stand.

10 Oct 1900    I tarred the tank stand.

11 Oct 1900    Mrs Wills’ plumbers came.

12 Oct 1900    Digging holes for the windmill and assisting plumbers.

13 Oct 1900    Tried to put up windmill. Failed. Plumbers went to Cowra.

14 Oct 1900    Sunday. At the camp all day.

15 Oct 1900    Finished the well and tarring tank. Great white frost.

16 Oct 1900    We drove to Young’s place and on to Cowra.

17 Oct 1900    Hurst gave me £4.0.0, my share for putting up tank stand.

18 Oct 1900    Mrs Pease of Koorawatha died at Mrs Walsh’s, Cowra.

19 Oct 1900    At home. Real hot day.

20 Oct 1900    Mrs H Watt called. Great dust storms.

21 Oct 1900    Sunday. At home. Hot windy day.

22 Oct 1900    Hurst and I drove to Canowindra and assisted to erect the windmill.

23 Oct 1900    Fixing doors on the well.

24 Oct 1900    Finished at the windmill and drove to Cowra.

25 Oct 1900    I led the horse out to Daly’s. had dinner. Walked back. Frost.

26 Oct 1900    I have a bad cold. Sam Daly borrowed the buckboard. White frost.

27 Oct 1900    At home. Some nice rain after dark.

28 Oct 1900    Sunday. Daly sent the buckboard back. Cold windy day.

29 Oct 1900    Repairing the buckboard. Cold day.

30 Oct 1900    I got a letter from Grace in Sydney. Stewart Hackett is improving.

31 Oct 1900    Josiah Taylor drove me to Cherry’s Creek and back.

1 Nov 1900     Not working. Windy day.

2 Nov 1900     Painting ceiling at Egan’s.

3 Nov 1900     I got a parcel of opals from Grace. Finished painting.

4 Nov 1900     Sunday. At home. Very hot.

5 Nov 1900     Took the wagonette to Joe Mackie. Hurst and I going to build two loose boxes.

6 Nov 1900     Digging holes and squaring logs. Hot winds.

7 Nov 1900     Putting up posts. Hot windy day.

8 Nov 1900     We got the plates and rafters up. Windy day.

9 Nov 1900     We put the iron on.

10 Nov 1900   No timber. No work.

11 Nov 1900   Sunday. I had dinner at Jim’s.

12 Nov 1900   No timber. Made a ladder for Mackie.

13 Nov 1900   We finished the stable at Joe Mackie’s.

14 Nov 1900   At home. I have a bad cold and a bad knee.

15 Nov 1900   At home all day. Hot winds.

16 Nov 1900   At home. Very hot winds.

17 Nov 1900   Rain and thunder after dark. My cold not improving.

18 Nov 1900   Sunday. At home. Cold windy day.

19 Nov 1900   At home. A few light showers.

20 Nov 1900   At home. Sent a letter to grace, Minnie and Kitty.

21 Nov 1900   Sent my watch back to Nolan Time and Co.

22 Nov 1900   Got my papers. Paid Oll up to date.

23 Nov 1900   At home all day.

24 Nov 1900   At home.

25 Nov 1900   Sunday. At home. Great heat.

26 Nov 1900   Went to Daly’s in the milk cart. Sam tried the filly in the cart. I rode her back.

27 Nov 1900   I took the filly out. Sam put her in the cart again. Flies troublesome.

28 Nov 1900   At home all day. Very hot.

29 Nov 1900   Jack Muir and I put the filly in the buggy. She threw herself down. Broke shaft.

30 Nov 1900   Telegram from Dennis McGrath to meet him on Saturday in Grenfell.

1 Dec 1900     Went by coach to Grenfell. Dennis McGrath met me and drove to the Pines.

2 Dec 1900     Sunday. At the Pines. This place is alive with rabbits.

3 Dec 1900     At the Pines.

4 Dec 1900     At the Pines. Getting ready to strip.

5 Dec 1900     Commenced to strip. Tom Walsh and I at the stripper.

6 Dec 1900     Stripping all day.

7 Dec 1900     Stripping all day. My cold very bad. A child of P Walsh’s died.

8 Dec 1900     Stripping.

9 Dec 1900     Sunday. My cold not much better.

10 Dec 1900   Stripping all day.

11 Dec 1900   Stripping. My cold no better.

12 Dec 1900   Stripping. A fire at Arramatong.

13 Dec 1900   Stripping in the angle.

14 Dec 1900   Stripping.

15 Dec 1900   Stripping.

16 Dec 1900   Sunday. At the Pinesz.

17 Dec 1900   Great fire at watson’s, Greenbank. Big fire at Grenfell.

18 Dec 1900   Finished stripping.

19 Dec 1900   I got a letter from Jim. Very hot.

20 Dec 1900   At the Pines all day.

21 Dec 1900   At the Pines. Bushfires from Wyalong to the Cowal lake.

22 Dec 1900   At the Pines

23 Dec 1900   Sunday. At the Pines. Very hot.

24 Dec 1900   At the Pines. Very hot.

25 Dec 1900   Christmas day. Fires at Canowindra and Bigga.

26 Dec 1900   Dennis McGrath and I rode to Bimbi races. Real hot day.

27 Dec 1900   Dennis and I working at his new house. Very hot.

28 Dec 1900   Working at the new house.

29 Dec 1900   Working at the new house.

30 Dec 1900   Sunday. Jack Nolan and Mrs Nolan came. Great heat.

31 Dec 1900   At the Pines. A little rain in the evening.

To return to O’Shaughnessy Main Page, click here.

To go to Part Thirty Three    1901, click here

Margaret’s 1957 Obituary, as well as those of her husbands , is here.


 1934,  1935,  1936,  1937,  1938,  1939,  1940,  1941,  1942,  1943,  1944,  1945,  1946,  1953,  1954,  1955,  1956.

Margaret Harris (1877-1957) kept a diary while Postmistress at Darbys Falls, near Cowra (NSW). Some of these diaries were left in the possession of her nephew, Tom Markham, and niece,  Ena (Markham) Wass, and some were left with her daughter, Nell Cooke. In 1979 they were given to me, her granddaughter, and in 1991 copies were typed by Anne Cappello (granddaughter). Some diaries for parts of 1935 and 1937 were located by Bernadette (Wass) Sheehy among her mother’s papers in 2003. This reprint incorporates the additional material. Diaries for the years 1947-1952 have not been located.               

Margaret (Markham) (Murray) Harris 1877 - 1957

Margaret Harris was the youngest child of James and Ellen Markham. She was born in Cowra in 1877. She married Francis Conyngham Murray in 1900 and they had four children before he died in 1909.  She was Postmistress at Darbys Falls from 1910 to 1953. In 1915 Margaret married George Harris of Bennett Springs. Margaret and George conducted the General Store. For many years, she played the piano at local and district balls and concerts, Her five children were: Aubrey, Ellen (Nell), Neville (Dib) and James Murray, and George Harris Jnr.

Margaret’s brothers were Jim, Ted, Tom, Pat, Nick, Bill and Frank (Doll) Markham and her only sister was Bridget (Bid) Ward.

Margaret Harris died at her daughter’s home in Sydney on 5 June 1957 and was buried at the Darbys Falls cemetery in the Markham Section. Some explanatory family charts and history are set out below. Her own Obituary is here.


The obelisk in the cemetery was erected as a memorial to the Markham family. Margaret’s grandfather, Edmund Markham, arrived in New South Wales in 1822 and settled along Milburn Creek near the present Darbys Falls in the early1830s.


This set of diaries has been produced so that younger generations as well as those from other local pioneer families might know how their grandparents and great grandparents lived during the depression and WW11. Although work was short and money tight, they made their own entertainment by playing sport, dancing, partying and picnicking.


Margaret Wilkinson





 (A full Tree incl BDM detail of Markham/Slattery descendants is here.)

First (Australian) Generation.



  • b. Co Limerick 1802; arr. NSW ‘Mangles’ 1822; m. 1838; d. NSW 1866.


  • b. Co. Limerick  1820; arr. NSW ‘Surrey’1833; m. (1) Edmund Markham 1838, 4 ch.; m. (2) Nicholas Jordan 1872, no ch.; d. NSW 1878.



Second Generation.

1. JAMES b. Milburn Creek, NSW 1836; m. 1858; ten ch. (See below).; d. NSW 1913, m. ELLEN WALSH  b. Co Limerick 1835; arr. NSW ‘Lord Stanley’1850; m. 1858; d.1916.

2. Catherine Mary b. NSW 1838; m. John Nowlan 1861; five ch.; d. NSW 1872.

3. Ellen Agnes  b. NSW 1840; m. Frederick Joseph O’Leary 1862; ten ch.;d. NSW 1919

4. Mary b. NSW 1853; m. Patrick Joseph O’Leary 1873; seven ch.; d. NSW 1932



Third Generation – Children of James and Ellen Markham only.

  1.     Bridget  Mary b. 1859; m.John Thomas Ward 1879; 10 ch; d.1946                           

    Margaret's parents James Markham (1836-1913) and Ellen Walsh (1835-1916).

  2.     Edmund b. 1859; m. Emily Bolton 1882; 9 ch; d. 1935
  3.     Thomas b. 1862; m. Mary Julia Jordan 1900; 5 ch; d. 1933
  4.     Patrick b. 1864; d. 1913
  5.     James M (Oakey) b. 1866; m. Bridget Maria Ryan 1903; 3 ch; d. 1951
  6.     Francis (Doll) b. 1868; d.1944
  7.     Nicholas J b. 1870; m. Bridget Ryan 1903; 5 ch; d. 1939
  8.     William b. 1872; m. Rosanna Jordan 1910; 3 ch; d. 1945
  9.     Daniel Bernard b. 1875; d. 1876
  10.     MARGARET b.1877; d. 1957          
    • m (1) Francis Conyngham MURRAY 1900; Five ch.
    • m (2)  George (Sonny) HARRIS 1913; One ch.





Margaret MARKHAM b. NSW 1877  d. NSW 1857

 m. (1) Francis Conyngham MURRAY, b. 30.6.1861;son of Charles Murray, Ulladulla and Elizabeth Clare (Conyngham) of Sydney; m. Mt McDonald, NSW 5.1.1900; d. 14.2.1909

  1.     Francis Aubrey (Aub)  1901 – 1973; m. Thelma Barnes 1922; No ch;

    Cowra Free Press 11 11 1900

  2.     Ellen Conyngham (Nellie)  1902 – ; m. Thomas Charles (Charlie) Cooke 1926; Five ch. Francis Murray, Margaret Elizabeth, Anne Conyngham, John Charles and Thomas Michael.
  3.     Doris  1905 – 1906
  4.     Neville (Dibbie)  1906 – 1981; m Winifred McGuiness  1933; Four ch. Joan Mary, Francis Conyngham, Ernest William and Patrick Neville. 
  5.     James Nicholas  1908 -1974; m. Pauline Marjory (Marj) Crowe 1949; one ch. Timothy Aubrey.


 m. (2) George (Sonny) HARRIS 1863 – 1941; son of  Francis Harris of Bennetts Springs NSW, and Ellen Dower; m. Darbys Falls, NSW …1913;

  1.      George William 1915 – 1990; m. Emilie Henderson 1941; three ch. George William (Junior), Janet, and John Francis. 

Margaret with her grandchildren at Darbys Falls in 1949.


Margaret with her sons and daughter at Darbys Falls in 1949. Neville, Aubrey, Nell, George, Jimmy.


Obituaries of Margaret and her two husbands are here.

GO TO DIARY:  1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956.




Outline Descendant Report for Edward/Edmund MARKHAM


….. 1 Edward/Edmund MARKHAM b: 1802 in IRE, Arr. Australia: 08 Nov 1822 “Mangles”, d: 16 Apr 1866 in “Springvale” Milburn Ck, Lachlan River NSW

….. + Bridget SLATTERY b: 1820 in Co Limerick, IRE, Arr. Australia: 1833 “Surry”, m: 15 Sep 1838 in Sydney, St.Mary’s RC, d: 14 Jun 1898 in Darbys Falls, NSW

……….. 2 James MARKHAM b: 14 Jul 1836 in ‘Spring Vale’, Milburn Creek, NSW, d: 24 Jun 1913 in Darbys Falls NSW

……….. + Ellen Mary WALSH b: 1835 in Castle Erkin, Co Limerick, IRE, Arr. Australia: 26 Aug 1850 ‘Lord Stanley’, m: 23 May 1858 in Cowra NSW, d: 22 Feb 1916 in Darbys Falls NSW

…………….. 3 Bridget Mary MARKHAM b: 04 Jul 1859, d: 21 Feb 1946 in Darbys Falls NSW

…………….. + John Thomas WARD b: 06 Oct 1848 in Maitland NSW, m: 05 Nov 1879 in Glebe NSW

………………….. 4 Catherine Ellen (Tot) WARD b: 01 Oct 1880, d: 12 Nov 1949

………………….. + Patrick J (Paddy) WHITTY b: 1868 in Reg. Carcoar, m: 1930 in Annandale NSW

………………….. 4 James Patrick (Wriggle) WARD b: 27 Sep 1882, d: 28 Oct 1949

………………….. 4 Aida WARD b: 10 Oct 1883, d: 09 Oct 1978

………………….. + Patrick William JORDAN b: 1867 in Carcoar NSW, m: 1926 in Drummoyne NSW

………………….. 4 Reginald (Cuthy) WARD b: 27 Oct 1886, d: 04 Dec 1970

………………….. 4 Mary Clare (Lal) WARD b: 15 Aug 1888 in Sydney NSW, d: 11 Jan 1979 in Sydney NSW

………………….. + John Ambrose (Tiger) MARKS b: 05 Jul 1884 in Reid’s Flat NSW, m: 17 Oct 1922 in Cowra NSW, d: 22 Aug 1965 in Sydney NSW

………………….. 4 John Thomas (Jack McGuirk) WARD b: 26 Jan 1890, d: 18 Feb 1950 in Darbys Falls NSW

………………….. + Edith E (Edie) SMART b: 31 Jul 1899 in Boorowa Reg, m: 1921 in Boorowa NSW, d: Darbys Falls NSW

………………….. 4 Dorothy (Doss) WARD b: 07 Dec 1891 in Waverley NSW, d: Sep 1959

………………….. 4 Francis Bernard (Mick) WARD b: 13 Apr 1893, d: 20 Oct 1934

………………….. 4 Eric Stanislaus (Bull) WARD b: 07 May 1898 in Ashfield NSW, d: 1975

………………….. + Thellie WATERS

………………….. 4 Neville Philip (Didler) WARD ,GM, QPM, b: 20 Jun 1899, d: 22 Jul 1995 in Harbord  NSW

………………….. + Lillian May SMALL , JP., b: 06 Feb 1905 in Ulmurra, NSW, m: 1929 in Bellingen NSW, d: 1988

………………….. 4 Beryl Margaret WARD b: 29 Jun 1902, d: 14 Jan 1974 in Orange NSW

………………….. + Cyril Francis (Sam) EGGLESTON b: 1900, m: 1929 in Cowra NSW, d: 1982 in Croydon Park NSW

………………….. 4 Maurice Joseph (Jock) WARD b: 03 Oct 1904, d: Oct 1993 in Tenterfield NSW

………………….. + Selina Wilhelmina (Billie) Miller m: 1948 Tenterfield NSW

…………….. 3 Edmund MARKHAM b: 04 Jul 1859, d: 31 Oct 1935 in Darbys Falls NSW

…………….. + Rebecca Emily (Emily) BOLTON b: 1858, m: 1882 in Grenfell NSW, d: 22 Nov 1904 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Arthur George MARKHAM b: 12 Sep 1883 in Grenfell NSW, d: 11 May 1952 in Maclean, Lower Clarence NSW

………………….. + Vera I M LOGUE b: 27 Jan 1889, m: 1912 in Dubbo NSW, d: 30 Jul 1975

………………….. 4 Thomas MARKHAM b: 14 Jul 1885 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. + Florence Jane HAMMOND m: 1910 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1957

………………….. 4 Eleanor M MARKHAM b: 1887 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1889 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Ernest Augustine MARKHAM b: 1890 in Grenfell NSW, d: 04 Jan 1917 WW1 British 12 General Hospital, Rouen, France

………………….. 4 Edmund/Edmond MARKHAM b: 1892 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1897 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Margaret C MARKHAM b: 1895 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1896 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 James L MARKHAM b: 1897 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1897 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Irene Alice (Molly) MARKHAM b: 1898 in Grenfell NSW, d: 28 Jul 1974 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. + Frederick SIMPSON b: 1890, m: 1924 in Parramatta NSW, d: 20 Jun 1970 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 John Patrick MARKHAM b: 1901 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. + Jean WEBSTER m: 1934 in Grenfell NSW

…………….. 3 Thomas Walsh MARKHAM b: 25 May 1861 in Cowra NSW, d: 09 Feb 1933 in Darbys Falls, NSW

…………….. + Mary Julia JORDAN b: 1864, m: 1900 in Cowra NSW, d: 19 Dec 1946

………………….. 4 Eileen May MARKHAM b: 22 Apr 1901 in Cowra NSW, d: 26 Mar 1969 in Darbys Falls NSW

………………….. 4 Rose Veronica MARKHAM b: 27 Nov 1902 in Cowra NSW, d: 20 Feb 1973

………………….. + Kenneth Lawrence FORD b: 23 Oct 1897 in “Willow Valley”, Peelwood NSW, m: 1936 in Cowra NSW, d: 06 Dec 1981 in Campbelltown NSW

………………….. 4 John Clarence Jordan (Clarrie) MARKHAM b: 13 Apr 1907 in Cowra NSW, d: 23 May 1980 in Darbys Falls NSW

………………….. 4 James Clive Walsh (Clive) MARKHAM b: 13 Apr 1907 in Cowra, d: 13 Feb 1984 in Darbys Falls NSW

………………….. 4 Oliver Thomas MARKHAM b: 1909 in Cowra NSW, d: 11 May 1952 in Darbys Falls NSW

…………….. 3 James Milburn (Oakey) MARKHAM b: 10 Jun 1863 in ‘Spring Vale’, Milburn Creek, NSW, d: 24 Jan 1951 in Orange NSW

…………….. + Bridget Maria RYAN b: 1878 in Mayoh’s Station , Young NSW, m: 1903 in Grenfell NSW, d: 07 Jul 1959 in Sydney NSW

………………….. 4 Cecil G MARKHAM b: 1905 in Cowra NSW

………………….. + Doreen HAMEY m: 1931 in Orange NSW

………………….. 4 Mary V MARKHAM b: 1906 in Cowra NSW

………………….. + Hilton WASS b: 1894, m: 1929 in Cowra NSW, d: 1988

………………….. 4 Ellen M (Nell) MARKHAM b: 1909 in Cowra NSW

………………….. + James S C MORRIS m: 1929 in Orange NSW

…………….. 3 Patrick Bernard MARKHAM b: 10 Jun 1864, d: 24 Jul 1912 in Darbys Falls NSW

…………….. 3 Francis Dusculum (Doll) MARKHAM b: 03 Sep 1867 in Milburn Creek, NSW, d: 16 Jan 1944 in Darbys Falls

…………….. 3 Nicholas J (Nick) MARKHAM b: 12 May 1870, d: 07 Feb 1939 in Darbys Falls NSW

…………….. + Bridget RYAN b: 25 Aug 1866, m: 1903 in Sunnyside, Canowindra , NSW, d: 24 Nov 1953

………………….. 4 John Thomas (Tom) MARKHAM b: 23 Jun 1904, d: 14 Mar 1980

………………….. 4 Ena Mary MARKHAM b: 04 Apr 1907 in Cowra NSW, d: 16 Jan 1988 in Cowra NSW

………………….. + Herbert William WASS b: 1901 in Burrowa NSW, m: 1936 in Sydney NSW, d: 21 Jul 1986 in Cowra NSW

………………….. 4 Nicholas J MARKHAM b: 15 Apr 1909 in Cowra NSW, d: 15 Apr 1909 in Cowra NSW

…………….. 3 William Saint Augustine MARKHAM b: 28 Aug 1872 in Milburn Creek, NSW, d: 21 Jun 1945 in Cowra NSW


…………….. + Rosanna Mary Ruperta (Rose) JORDAN b: 1879 in Cowra NSW, m: 1910 in Cowra NSW, d: 08 Jul 1965 in Cowra N.S.W

………………….. 4 Iris Mary MARKHAM b: 1911 in Cowra NSW, d: 1942 in Cowra NSW

………………….. + Reginald Henry PUTTOCK m: 1940 in Cowra NSW

………………….. 4 Urban W MARKHAM b: 1914 in Cowra NSW, d: 25 Dec 1976 in Cowra NSW

………………….. 4 Elwynn (Lee) MARKHAM b: 07 Jan 1925 in Cowra NSW, d: 01 Jul 1976 in Sydney NSW

………………….. + Ellen Anne (Nell) MURPHY b: 11 Feb 1925 in Winton QLD, m: 07 Feb 1959, d: 30 May 2004

…………….. 3 Daniel David Bernard MARKHAM b: 09 Feb 1875 in Cowra NSW, d: 16 Aug 1876 in Kendall St. Cowra NSW

…………….. 3 Margaret MARKHAM b: 01 Jun 1877 in Cowra NSW, d: 05 Jun 1957 in Fairfield NSW

…………….. + Francis Conyngham MURRAY b: 30 Jun 1861 in Sydney NSW, m: 05 Nov 1900 in Mt McDonald NSW, d: 14 Feb 1909 in Cowra, NSW

………………….. 4 Francis Aubrey MURRAY b: 29 Apr 1901 in Mount McDonald NSW, d: 12 Mar 1972

………………….. + Thelma Clara BARNES b: 1900 in Newtown NSW, m: 1922 in Randwick NSW, d: 1986 in Sydney NSW

………………….. 4 Ellen Conyngham (Nellie) MURRAY b: 30 Oct 1902 in Cowra NSW, d: 1983 in Canberra ACT

………………….. + Thomas Charles (Charlie) COOKE b: 1897 in Snowball, nr Braidwood, NSW, m: 1926 in Darbys Falls NSW, d: 04 Dec 1949 in Concord NSW

………………….. 4 Doris MURRAY b: Jan 1905 in Nevertire NSW, d: 16 Oct 1905 in Nevertire NSW

………………….. 4 Neville (Dibbie) MURRAY B E M, b: 25 Apr 1906 in Nevertire NSW, d: 03 Jun 1980 in Canberra ACT

………………….. + Winifred (Win) McGUINESS b: 29 Jan 1909 in Trangie NSW, m: 24 Jun 1933 in Bondi, Sydney, NSW, d: 16 Sep 1992 in Canberra ACT

………………….. 4 James Nicholas (Jim) MURRAY b: 17 Apr 1908 in Darbys Falls NSW, d: 08 Aug 1974 in Canowindra NSW

………………….. + Pauline Marjory (Marj) CROWE b: 17 Oct 1917 in Canowindra NSW, m: 09 Sep 1949 in Canowindra (RC) NSW, d: 27 Aug 2009 in Canowindra, NSW

…………….. + George William (Sonny) HARRIS b: 1863 in Bennetts Springs NSW, m: 1913 in Darbys Falls NSW, d: 1941 in Cowra NSW

………………….. 4 George William HARRIS b: 1915 in Cowra NSW, d: 1990 in Canberra ACT

………………….. + Helen Emilie HENDERSON b: 01 Dec 1918 in Cowra NSW, m: 20 Dec 1941 in CowraNSW, d: 14 Jul 1997 in Canberra ACT

……….. 2 Catherine Mary (Kate) MARKHAM b: 1838 in ‘Spring Vale’, Milburn Creek, NSW, d: 04 Jun 1872 in Grenfell, NSW

……….. + John Joseph NOWLAN b: 1840 in Killides Creek, Caloola NSW, m: 10 Feb 1861 in “Spring Vale” Milburn Creek, nr Cowra NSW, d: 15 Apr 1915 in “Wentworth Gully”, Bimbi, NSW

…………….. 3 John Michael NOWLAN b: 09 Feb 1862 in ‘Spring Vale’, Darbys Falls NSW, d: 1948 in Botany Bay, Sydney NSW

…………….. + Catalina Marguerite GRANT b: 03 Jul 1858 in Mandurama, Carcoar NSW, m: 1887 in “The Mount” Carcoar, d: 03 Aug 1946 in Botany Bay, Sydney NSW

………………….. 4 Madeline Mary NOWLAN b: 06 Feb 1888 in Carcoar NSW, d: Sep 1994

………………….. + Alexander W. INGRAM m: 1912 in Bathurst NSW

………………….. 4 John Grant (Grant) NOWLAN b: 1891 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. + Mary T RAE m: 1930 in NSW, d: 05 Dec 1971 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Florence Stella NOWLAN b: 1893 in Carcoar NSW, d: Botany NSW

…………….. 3 Mary Josephine NOWLAN b: 16 Jul 1863 in Carcoar, NSW, d: 1923 in Sydney NSW

…………….. + Patrick J QUINN m: 1897 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Veronica Violet QUINN b: 1897 in Young NSW

………………….. 4 Margaret Mary QUINN b: 1900 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. + Sydney Jarvis NAPIER b: 1894, m: 1921 in West Wyalong N.S.W

………………….. 4 Grace Cecilia QUINN b: 1904 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. + Laurence Patrick ROBERTS m: 1941

…………….. 3 Bridget NOWLAN b: 1865, d: 11 Dec 1866 in Carcoar NSW

…………….. 3 Catherine Gertrude NOWLAN b: 25 Nov 1867 in Spring Vale, NSW, d: 15 Oct 1930 in Lewisham, NSW

…………….. + William Donald CHESHER b: 23 Apr 1859 in Teasdale Park, NSW, m: 18 Apr 1888 in Bimbi, nr Grenfell, l NSW, d: 21 May 1940 in Cowra N.S.W

………………….. 4 William Bede CHESHER b: 31 Jan 1889 in Grenfell NSW, d: 17 Jan 1958 in Sydney N.S.W

………………….. + Charlotte Mary GANNAWAY b: 22 Jun 1894 in Pegleg Rd, Eaglehawk, Vic., m: 22 Jun 1914 in Coolgardie, Western Australia, d: 20 Feb 1952 in Sydney N.S.W

………………….. 4 John Herbert Leo (Bert) CHESHER b: 1890 in Grenfell NSW, d: 03 Sep 1955 in Redfern NSW

………………….. + Monica Anastasia CROWE b: 1892 in Young N.S.W, m: 1919 in Woollahra NSW, d: 29 Nov 1980

………………….. 4 Donald Vincent CHESHER b: 27 Apr 1893 in Grenfell NSW, d: 30 Jan 1964 in Mt Lawley, WA

………………….. + Sarah J DAVIES m: 1921 in Perth WA

………………….. + Violet GREGORY m: 1941 in Freemantle, WA

………………….. 4 Catherine Mary CHESHER b: 1895 in Grenfell NSW, d: 06 Mar 1934 in Leeton, NSW

………………….. 4 Cecil Lawrence CHESHER b: 23 Jan 1897 in Young NSW, d: 07 Sep 1951 in Beverley Hills, NSW

………………….. + Hannah M NORTON b: 1904, m: 1923 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1971 in Newtown NSW

………………….. 4 Kevin CHESHER b: 1899 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1900 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Mona Gertrude CHESHER b: 01 Jun 1906 in Grenfell NSW, d: 01 Jan 1985 in Lidcombe NSW

………………….. + Ronald Alfred HILL b: 1902 in Marrickville, NSW, m: 1927 in Sydney NSW, d: 31 Oct 1961 in Auburn N.S.W

…………….. 3 Margaret Letitia NOWLAN b: 13 May 1872 in Grenfell NSW, d: 19 May 1903 in Oakleigh, Victoria

………………….. 4 Mary Josephine NOWLAN b: 16 Jun 1889 in Goulburn, NSW, d: 06 Jan 1890 in Bourke St, Goulburn, NSW

……….. 2 Ellen Agnes MARKHAM b: 07 Apr 1841, d: 1919 in Kogarah NSW

……….. + Frederick Joseph O’LEARY b: 1841, m: 1862 in Carcoar NSW, d: 1889 in Dubbo NSW

…………….. 3 Christopher J O’LEARY b: 1863, d: 1904 in Cleveland USA

…………….. 3 Frederick Joseph O’LEARY b: 17 Nov 1866

…………….. + Laura M HENDERSON m: 1913 in Sydney NSW, d: 1935

………………….. 4 Frederick O’LEARY

………………….. 4 Dorothy O’LEARY b: 1910 in Sydney NSW

………………….. 4 Claude O’LEARY b: 1914 in Redfern NSW

………………….. 4 Nita O’LEARY

…………….. 3 Bridget Mary O’LEARY b: 09 Mar 1868, d: 21 Dec 1946

…………….. + James Patrick WARD b: 1851 in Whittingham NSW, m: 1890 in Sydney NSW

………………….. 4 Cecil WARD b: 1891 in Sydney NSW, d: 1960

………………….. 4 Marjorie M WARD b: 08 Jun 1894 in Leichhardt NSW, d: 06 Feb 1969

………………….. + Ernest John R MIDDLETON m: 1933 in Ashfield NSW

………………….. 4 Ernest WARD b: 1895 in Leichhardt NSW

………………….. + Betty ? possibly GENTLES

………………….. 4 Eileen WARD b: 16 Feb 1903 in Petersham NSW, d: 06 Jun 1973

…………….. 3 Herbert David O’LEARY b: 06 Mar 1872, d: 1904 in Brisbane QLD

…………….. + Mary Anne O’NEILL m: 1885 in Goulburn NSW

…………….. 3 Louisa Catherine (Lucy) O’LEARY b: 27 Jan 1874, d: 26 Aug 1961

…………….. + James Andrew DAWSON m: 12 Jul 1902

………………….. 4 Mary Gertrude (Molly) DAWSON b: 1908

………………….. +  George E BROOKS m. 1932

………………….. 4 Philomena Antonia (Ena) DAWSON b: 1910

………………….. + Vaughan J MALLEY. m.1932

………………….. 4 Herbert Aloysius DAWSON b: 1912

………………….. 4 Frederick Aloysius DAWSON b: 1914

………………….. 4 Cyril James DAWSON b: 1917

…………….. 3 Thomas Patrick O’LEARY b: 18 Dec 1876, d: 06 Feb 1945 in Newcastle NSW

…………….. 3 George O’LEARY b: 19 Sep 1878, d: Jan 1900 in Sydney NSW

…………….. 3 William John (Willie) O’LEARY b: 04 Mar 1880, d: Mar 1900 in Sydney NSW

…………….. 3 Mary Josephine (Dove) O’LEARY b: 08 Dec 1882, d: 02 Jul 1977 in Strathfield NSW

…………….. 3 Aloysius O’LEARY d: Abt. 1904

……….. 2 Edmund MARKHAM b: 25 Aug 1844, d: Died infancy

……….. 2 Mary MARKHAM b: 18 Nov 1852 in Lachlan River NSW, d: 01 Jan 1933

……….. + Patrick Joseph O’LEARY b: 1841 in Lachlan River NSW, m: 07 Jan 1873 in Grenfell NSW

…………….. 3 Bridget Ellen (Nellie) O’LEARY b: 1874, d: 11 Feb 1902 in Cowra NSW

…………….. 3 Catherine Louisa (Kate) O’LEARY b: 1876, d: Yungaburra QLD

…………….. + John (Jack) WINFIELD

………………….. 4 Kevin WINFIELD

…………….. 3 Honora Letitia (Nora) O’LEARY b: 1878, d: Yungaburra QLD

…………….. 3 Frederick James O’LEARY b: 29 Nov 1879 in Hermitage Plain, Dubbo NSW, d: 16 Sep 1953

…………….. + Louisa Maria LEADER m: 1909 in Orange NSW, d: 21 May 1975 in Woollahra NSW

………………….. 4 Kathleen Annie O’LEARY b: 1910, d: 20 Apr 2004 in Darlinghurst, NSW

………………….. 4 Eileen Mary O’LEARY b: 1912

………………….. 4 Nora O’LEARY b: 1916

………………….. 4 Eugene Patrick Bertrand O’LEARY b: 1918, d: Bef. 2004

………………….. + Joy Patricia Margaret HYLAND m. 1947

………………….. 4 Kevin Frederick O’LEARY b: 1920

………………….. + Patricia (Pat) O’LEARY

…………….. 3 Elizabeth Mary (Lizzie) O’LEARY b: 1881 in Hermitage Plain, Dubbo NSW, d: 24 Sep 1919 in Strathfield NSW

…………….. 3 Patrick O’LEARY b: 11 Apr 1887 in Hovell’s Creek NSW, d: 13 Apr 1887 in ‘Clare View’ Hovell’s Creek NSW

…………….. 3 Herbert Kevin Anthony O’LEARY ANZAC 1915, b: 08 Apr 1891 in Cowra NSW, d: 11 Mar 1918 in Wentworth Falls, NSW

…………….. 3 Leslie George O’LEARY b: 11 Feb 1894 in Cowra NSW, d: 18 Mar 1933 in Yungaburra QLD


Return to 1822 Markham


(1) Margaret (Markham) (Murray)  Harris (1877 – 1957) – Extract from Cowra Guardian 11 June 1957.


Late Mrs Harris of Darby’s Falls, Played for Dances on Mt McDonald Goldfields.


Mrs Margaret Harris, aged 80 years, died at the home of her daughter Mrs N Cooke at 121 The Crescent, Fairfield on Wednesday morning June 5.

The late Mrs Harris was a member of the oldest families in the district; her grandfather the late Edmund Markham having arrived at Darbys Falls from County Kilmarnoch (sic) in the year 1823.

Mrs Harris, as Margaret Markham, spent the early part of her life at Mt McDonald where she met and married her first husband, Frank Murray.

After a few years stay in various towns of New South Wales, Mrs Murray (as she then was) returned to Darby’s Falls just prior to the death of Mr Murray and resided there until 1955 when she went to live with her daughter in Fairfield.

In the year 1910 she became postmistress at Darby’s Falls and retained that position until she retired in 1953 and handed over to her son, George Harris; a total period of 43 years as postmistress.

When Mrs Harris first became postmistress, the telephone system at Darby’s Falls consisted of one phone which was used both as the exchange and the public phone, there being no subscribers. Mrs Harris would arrange the call and pass the phone to the caller to carry on the conversation. When she retired the Post Office was an official office with a modern switchboard carrying over thirty subscribers, and was also a branch of the Commonwealth Bank.

A noted pianist, Mrs Harris played for dances on the goldfields during the boom days at Mt McDonald and continued to play in a dance orchestra until just before leaving Darby’s Falls.

Her second husband, George Harris, predeceased her 15 years ago. Mrs Harris is survived by four sons and one daughter: Aubrey Murray (Wyangala Dam), Neville Murray (Canberra), James Murray (Parkes), George Harris (Canberra) and Mrs Nell Cooke (Fairfield).

On Thursday June 6, Requiem Mass was celebrated at 9 a.m. by Rev Fr Gallagher at St Joseph’s Church, Darby’s Falls. After prayers, the cortege left for the Catholic cemetery at Darby’s Falls, where Rev Fr Gallagher was assisted by Rev Fr Delaney of Cowra and Rev Fr Bourke of Goulburn.

Five grandsons and one nephew acted as pallbearers whilst members of Canberra Ambulance Service and family friends formed a guard of honour and marched ahead of the cortege.

The love and esteem in which Mrs Harris was held was witnessed by the large number of mourners who attended the funeral.

Mr Barry Simeon conducted the funeral arrangements.

Floral tributes and Mass cards were received from the following:

Floral tributes: Father Gallagher and Pauline; Aub and Thelma; George, Em, Georgie, Jan and John; Neil and Dot Brien; Mrs Coward and family; Superintendent and Staff, Canberra Ambulance; office staff of the Dept of the Interior (Canberra); Mr and Mrs G Fraser and family; Henderson boys and families; Mr H C Paterson and family; Ila Henderson, Gwen and Ken; Mr and Mrs Meredith; Mr and Mrs Arthur Walters; Les Eileen Moorby and family; Jack, Camille, Anne and Catherine Fallon; Jack and Ethel Howarth and family; Tally, Molly and family; Jim Horsfall and family; Les and Marj Spinks; Clarry, Barbara and Valerie Tarrant; Maud and Lucy; Jim and Jean Clatworthy, Mervyn, Daphne and family; Edie, Cyril and Darrell; Mr and Mrs A Howarth; Mr and Mrs A S Anthony and family; Lloyd, Betty, Maureen and Carmel; Austin and Shirley Cummins; Pat and Bob McL Smith; Mr and Mrs Percy Howarth and family; Edna, Joe and Colleen; Ray and Marj Horsfall; Mrs P E Whitty and Terry; Cook, Iris, Denis, Vera and Gordon; Mervyn and Elaine; Lynne and Norm Oliver; Nell and Dick Thompson; Jean and David Noakes; Neal, Ray Oliver and family; Mr and Mrs S B Everett; Val and Bill Saurine; Ken and Trevor; Mavis, Gordon, Ian and Tom; Joan and Mac Watts; Gordon, Mabel and family; Molly, Stan and family; Ollie, Stan, Pearl and Clem; Peter, Mavis and family; Mr and Mrs B C Howarth; Mr and Mrs Walter Howarth; Harold and Mrs Power; George and Peg Elliott; Colin, Rowena, Maureen and Charlie Howarth.

Mass Cards: Neville, Win and family; Aub and Thelma; Nell and family; Jim and Marg; Herb and Ena; Tom; Edie; Eileen, Clive and Clarrie; Rose, Ken and girls; Elsie; Allan and Mrs Corcoran; Tom, Melba and family; Barnes family; Jack, Trudy and boys; Gay and Ivy Whitty; Norman and Thora Newham; N E Whitty; Mr and Mrs E J Whitty; Eden and Nat; Eden Whitty; Joe, Edna and Colleen; Dom, Iris and Katherine; Lindsay, Mrs Berry and family; Rowley and Betty; Murray and Margaret; Mrs S E Kelly.




Francis Conyngham Murray (1861-1909) and Margaret Markham (1877-1857) on their Wedding Day.


(2)    Francis Conyngham Murray (1861 – 1909)  – Extract from Cowra Free Press 18 February 1909.


The Late Mr F C Murray

On Sunday last Mr Frank Conyngham Murray breathed his last at his residence  Darby’s Falls, after an illness extending over 18 months, from the effects of pulmonary tuberculosis, at the comparatively early age of 43 years. He was the son of Mr Charles Murray, of Milton, Shoalhaven district, where he was born. He came to Mt McDonald many years back as assistant to Mr Fox, storekeeper, and subsequently held a similar position in various parts of the country. Eight years ago he married Margaret Markham at Mount McDonald, by whom he leaves issue four children, the eldest of whom is seven. The remains were followed to their last resting place in the Cowra cemetery by a large concourse of mourners and sympathising friends. The Rev Fr O’Kennedy officiated at the grave and the funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr W W McLeod undertaker. Very general sympathy is with the afflicted widow and young family in their bitter hour of morning.




(3) George William (Sonny) Harris (1863 – 1941) – Extract from Lachlan Leader, Cowra 10 November 1941.


Mr George W Harris.       


Margaret (Markham) (Murray) Harris and George Harris late 1930s.

Mr George William Harris, an old and well known identity of the Darbys Falls district, passed away in Cowra District Hospital in  the early hours of Friday morning

Deceased was 78 years of age and was admitted to hospital on Wednesday.

The late Mr Harris was born at Bennett Springs on the Reid’s Flat Road. The property was owned by his father at that time but is now in the hands of the Whitty brothers. It retains its old name, however.

The late Mr Harris followed in the footsteps of his father and carried on farming pursuits in the district until just before war broke out in 1914. He then moved to Darby’s Falls and opened a grocery business. He built a new general store about seven years ago and his son George took over its management.

The late Mr Harris is survived by his wife, one son George, and one sister Mrs Frank Newham of Pine Mount.

A large and representative funeral moved from St John’s Church of England, Cowra, on Friday afternoon for Cowra Cemetery. Ven Archdeacon Mirrington performed the last rites at the graveside.

Mr D J Nicholson, Funeral Director of Cowra, handled the funeral arrangements.



 To return to Introduction to Margaret’s Diary, click here.




By 1851, Patrick Walsh had left Dunderaligo to his brother William while he took up land near Grenfell, which he later named Kikiamah.  Patrick and a number of workmen built a rambling slab dwelling near a creek. This was later replaced by a substantial home. A third daughter (Bridget) was born on 4 October, 1853 and was baptised by Father Murphy of Carcoar with John Nowlan and M. Maley (Mallon ? his sister) as sponsors. In 1856 there was much rejoicing when twin sons (Patrick and Thomas) were born, and after a break of six years the youngest daughter (Ellen) was born in 1862[1]

On 23 February,1866, tragedy struck Kikiamah when daughter Sarah, aged 15 years, died as the result of an accident on her way home from school in Goulburn. She was buried beside her grand-uncle John McNamara in Yass cemetery.

Kikiamah was newly appraised in 1866 and the rental increased from ₤40  to ₤52  and the Government Gazette of 1866 lists the run with an area of 28,000 acres, carrying 640 head of cattle. A two mile steeplechase had been erected and the fame of the blood horses from Kikiamah was widespread. A new home had been erected and on 4th  and 9th  September, 1867, Bishop Lanigan stayed at the Walsh home during his first visitation of the Diocese of Goulburn.


Mary, (Sr M.Theresa), daughter of Patrick Walsh, became one of the early postulants to join the Goulburn Sisters of Mercy in 1869. On 27 December, 1872, Matthew McNamara, the second uncle who had befriended the Walsh family on arrival in Sydney, died at King’s Plains, Blayney. In February 1874 the twin sons (Patrick and Thomas) aged 17, were enrolled as foundation students at St Patrick’s College, Goulburn, having previously been educated at home by tutors.[2]

The move to Kikiamah on the old Young-Forbes Road meant that the Walsh families came into contact with early settlers in the Cowra district. Thomas Walsh and his niece (Catherine Hartigan) married into the Scots Presbyterian family of Middlemis, while Bridget, Margaret and Ellen married into pioneering families from Milburn Creek near Darby’s Falls such as the Markham, O’Shaughnessy and Neville families who were originally from Co. Limerick and may have known the Walsh family there. The Irish families travelled many miles on horseback or by horse and buggy over rough bush tracks to attend dances, musical evenings, Masses, weddings, baptisms and funerals at the various homesteads.

          In 1878 Sara (Walsh) O’Dea wrote to her brother (Thomas Walsh) from CastleErkin Farm:

Castle Erkin,

 May the 16th 1878

My dear brother Thomas,

Received your note of the 25th April with foto and thoough memento could not be more welcome, I did not know you. There was such a change. I was sorry to the heart to hear that you were so unwell – and lightly to leave your young family who should so deeply feel your absence. And leave us all who loved you so deeply. For my part I suppose I will never see you again at this side of the grave.

You may still live much longer than you expect and if you do not you must be satisfied. I hope that God who clothed the birds of the air will not forget your little children or for their sake you may get a longer day – Some 25 years ago I thought I would be the first of the family who would leave this world and now though I am 64 years of age I was never in better health.

I was sorry also that brother Patt sustained such a great loss. I believe we were all born subject to disappointment. I suppose by this time you are aware of the death of my son John, after a long and weary illness. If he lived he would be an ornament in the family. He was promising to be one of the best scholars in this county. He got a pain in the hip at 13 and died when he was 19 years of age.

Six weeks after that we were attacked with law by a young man from whose father we purchased a piece of land some eight years before. The law lasted 18 months and though we gave in all ₤300  for it and had a new lease of it – we were forced to give it to him with ₤ 300  more cost. The land was worth from ₤600  to ₤700  so in all I calculate we lost ₤1000  and what trouble we got by it was more than all. We lost more by the farm in Kilteely but this is worth us ₤150 a year clear gains. We pay but ₤90  a year for it and we get ₤250  from the dairyman. We have the grass of 37 cows and a pair of horses still and we have them on it.

We lost ₤350  more by Robert to complete his profession. He is out in England this way and in good health. He is assistant doctor in a large establishment and is considered very smart — You see by this what an amount of money we have laid out for the last 9 years. But for our friends we would not stand this last shock. We were so hunted for money after all we lost before – However I hope we will soon be all right again. I have as good and industrious a family as ever a mother reared –

I fear brother Patt has not pleasure after all his wealth – It was a pity he to get such a companion – The sooner he get his children married the better it is for him and theThere is never any pleasure with her equals whatever riches she may have – she willnot be satisfied.

Remember me to your Mrs. I am happy you met such a partner. Present her with the best wishes of your sister and if anything should happen to you my dear brother tell her not to forget writing to me. And least I may not get the opportunity of writing to you again I send you the best wishes of a sister a thousand times over – and pray that God may not take you from your little family until they will be better able to sustain the shock.

I never got a letter from brother William since he left, but one, which I consider very unkind of him. Still I am happy to hear that he is doing well and in good health himself and family – Poor sister Kate so lively. I am glad to hear that my brothers and sisters went on so well since they left – Give them all my love. The love of a fond sister and their children. Ask them all why they do not write to me or what have I done to merit such coldness-

Write as soon as you get this – Hoping you will have better news.

I remain your sister,

                                Sarah O’Dea.                                            


In 1881 another tragedy struck the Patrick Walsh family. The Sydney Mail reported that on Saturday, 7 May 1881, Margaret, wife of Patrick Walsh of Kikiamah Station, Grenfell, was killed in a buggy accident while returning to Kikiamah from Cowra. About dusk the horses became fractious, left the road and the buggy overturned. Mrs Walsh was thrown into the water and the horses bolted. Mr Walsh was also injured – sustaining broken ribs. Mrs Walsh was carried a few miles to a neighbouring house where she expired shortly afterwards. She was buried in Grenfell cemetery at the age of 60 years. Her obituary and the notice of the accident:

Cowra Free Press 13.5.1881 “The late Mrs Walsh who died from the effects of injuries received near Grenfell on Saturday evening last, was returning home from Cargo where she had gone to pay the last tribute of respect to a deceased relation[3] , when the journey was interrupted by so sad a result. The deceased lady was well known in this district where she leaves a large number of sorrowing friends and relatives. We deeply sympathise with the family in their hour of sorrow and bereavement.

Sad and fatal Accident. On Saturday evening as Mr and Mrs P Walsh were returning from Cowra in a buggy, the former, who was driving, contrived to get off the road, and in endeavouring to retrace his steps the horses crossed a deep gutter over which they dragged the buggy with such violence as to precipitate the occupants with considerable force to the earth. Mrs Walsh sustained injuries of such a severe and serious nature as to terminate fatally. Mr Walsh, besides receiving some internal injuries, had three of his ribs broken. Mrs Walsh was a very old resident and well known and highly respected in this and the Cowra districts, her many virtues endearing her to all who had the pleasure of her acquaintance. The funeral, which took place today, Tuesday, was very largely attended by the townspeople and a considerable number of friends and relatives from a distance.

Patrick Walsh built homes for each of his daughters:  Bridget, Margaret and Ellen on the selections of Straun, The Pines and Tara. Bridget married Patrick Cullinane on 20 April 1887 but they left Straun and built a hotel in Main Street, Grenfell. Margaret married Patrick McGrath and Ellen married John Cullinane.

Patrick Walsh Jnr. married Bedelia Kennedy and they resided at Kikiamah where they raised six children:  Mary (b.1884), Helena (b.1886), Joseph (b.1888), Delia (b.1889), Anne (b.1890) and Frances (b.1892). After the death of his first wife, Patrick Walsh Jnr. married Mary Toohey, the governess to the children of his first marriage. They also had six children: Mary, Patrick, Thomas, Leo, Monica and Justin.

Patrick Walsh Snr remarried in 1892 to Mrs E.P. Agnew, widow of the former manager of the Old Oriental Bank at Grenfell. Patrick Snr. died in Sydney on 11 December 1892 and was taken back to Grenfell cemetery to be buried in the family vault.[4]

          Obituary Notice – Grenfell Record – Saturday, 17.12.1892

       Mr Patrick Walsh Snr.

News reached town last Saturday of the death of Mr Patrick Walsh Snr. of Kikiamah. The deceased gentleman, who was in his seventy-sixth year, succumbed to an attack of bronchitis.

Of late, Mr Patrick Walsh resided in Sydney whither he removed shortly after his second marriage. He, with two brothers and three sisters, landed in Sydney on 1.8.1844; of that party one sister and two brothers survive, there being also another sister still living in the old home in Ireland.

The brothers came to Bowning near Yass where they commenced squatting on a small scale, renting a cattle station at Illalong where they remained three years, when the cattle became too numerous and they then rented part of O’Meally’s station on Tyayong Creek. Two years afterwards Kikiamah was purchased from Mr W.R.Watt Snr;  this was about 1851 and the station has been in the hands of the family ever since

The deceased, his brother Mr Thomas Walsh, the late D.C. McGregor, Mr Watt Snr. Mr J.B.Wood, Mr B.Boland and Mr Caldwell were the pioneers of this district. Mr Thomas Walsh afterwards went to the Lachlan, residing at Goolagong for 13 years and then removed to Cowra where he still is. Mr W.Walsh, the other brother, is at Forbes. By his first wife, Mr Patrick Walsh had two sons and four daughters;  of the former Mr Patrick Walsh Jnr is now Manager of Kikiamah;  one daughter a professed nun and highly accomplished lady died in the Goulburn Convent, another who was on her way home from the Convent died at Yass where she is buried;  a third daughter (Mrs John Cullinane) died at Grenfell some three years or more ago. The surviving daughters, Mrs P.M. Cullinane and Mrs D. McGrath reside still. It is well remembered that the first Mrs Walsh met her death through an accident on the Cowra Road just outside Grenfell. Mr Walsh married again recently, his second wife being the widow of the late E.P. Agnew at one time Manager of the Old Oriental Bank at Grenfell. The writer of this notice and many other old residents of Grenfell can testify to the lavish hospitality of Kikiamah in the days when Grenfell was a place worth living and not the extinct volcano it (socially) is at present.

Mr Walsh possessed a good heart and right genial nature, and although he had all, but reached the alloted span of life and had for along time suffered from the effects of a severe accident, his decease was somewhat unexpected. The body was brought from Sydney for internment in the family vault at Grenfell. Around the grave were many old friends from a distance.


In 1897 Thomas O’Dea of Scart, Kilteely, wrote to his cousin Maggie, daughter of Thomas Walsh.  Sarah (Walsh) O’Dea, sister of Thomas Walsh had died at CastleErkin in 1890 at the age of 76 and was buried in Kilteely churchyard.

 Thomas O’Dea wrote[5]: 

  “Scart, Kilteely,

  Oct 31 1897

Dear Cousin Maggie,

I received your note of 13 Sept. I was happy to hear from you Maggie and my dearUncle Tom and family and all my Australian cousins – in good health and progressing.

If my mother lived I should have written more regular. As it is I do not forget you, especially Uncle Tom and family, as he appear to have retained the old love for home and friends better than any of the others, and like my mother in most ways I should think especially that gift of friendship. I am glad to learn that your sister is going to business. It is wrong for a family of boys or girls to remain at home together until they are too old. It is impossible that every man could make a pile of money. But if people could take out a business or profession there is room for improvement. The world is going ahead and with a reasonable share of industry we are sure to go on. It appears to me Uncle Patt was not as wealthy as I thought. His property must be involved. I got no account of his family lately. Uncle William’s daughters appears to be well educated. What business has he in hands now? What are his boys doing? Did any of them take a profession? This is a good business Aunt Ellen’s boys are engaged in, a saw mill in that country ought to be profitable if well worked up.

Now about your relations at this side of the globe – I am in good health myself and wife and seven children, two boys and five girls. They are all going to school except one – the eldest boy. He will be fifteen years at Christmas. He was a forward scholar, spent three years in sixth class. I wanted him home. I am not very strong. I like to have him trained in business should anything happen to me. I am doing very well – as well as any of my name. I keep over 20 cows, we have all the new stile for making butter, churning mashine and separater, of my own, and everything requissite – I get top price for the butter, we have milk, creams and butter about the house the same as usual, never lost the old way of doing business. We rear from 18 to 23 calves. I make over ₤80  a year of calves. I can compete with the Dutch butter in the English market and beat Cork firsts ten shillings a cwt. The prices are not much more than half what they were twenty years ago. There was a lot of farmer smashed and they are breaking still. In most cases it is their own fault – They have no industry and are not satisfied to live within there means. As for crops oats & etc – it does not affect this country very much. There are very little under tillage. Butter and beef are the principle produce — crops in general are bad – potatoes especially 

My brother Patt and his wife are in good health. He has two children boys, but he is a poor man at present – and it is his own fault. He turned on drink and nothing would stop him. While my mother lived for eight years after my marriage I gave what I made but I saw it was no use – he was getting worse.

About the Walshes of Abington — Father William is still living. He is parish priest in the town of St Louis, America, for nearly fifty years. He is still a fine man. John and Michael are both dead. John got married in Cappamore and was doing well. He had no family. Michael left 4 children after him and a wife – a most amiable woman but she fell in love with a young doctor, supplied him with money to finish his profession, got married to him and went to live with him to a dispensary district in the county Tipperary. She took the eldest girls with her. The farm in Abington is neglected. Michael was a most industrious man – it is a pity he did not live longer to uphold his name and home – which he so well earned. Such Is Life.

Paddy Berkery of Castle Erkin and his wife are both dead. They had three children, two boys and one girl. The girl went into the nuns. The boys living in the home farm both are unmarried – they milk about 22 cows – they did not do as well as I expected. The two boys are into an ugly case now and are both returned to stand trial for perjury and seduction.

All the old neighbours round Castle Erkin are dead and buried except Paddy Laffin and Dranoe Moor. There children are living there still, no man there did much by the land but they kept the old spots and have them. The rents in every case were cut down very much by the Land Commissioners but still it would never make up for the loss in prices—there is any amount of competition in the English market — America, Australia, Russia, Denmark, in fact the produce of every country in the world 

The O’Dea family of Miltown — my three uncles are living still. Michael, Terence and Tom. Michael purchased a farm near Oola – he has seven children. Milks 23 cows and doing well. He is 82. Terence is 80 years and very strong. He has seven children – three of the girls are married and one of the boys in America.  There are two boys and one girl at home unmarried. Terry gave over ₤ 1500  to his three girls. He milks 23 cows. Tom is about 77 years. He had seven children also. He had the best farm of the lot and a nice gentle man. Still he made no money. He milks 22 cows. All the O’Dea family are doing well and none of the twelve families of the O’Deas lost a sod of earth during the trying times of the last 20 years.

Now Maggie I have written a lot for you so that you will have news for your dear father. I am glad he is so strong and well in his 77th year. I will be 53 years next month. I have asked my daughter Bridget to write. She has but another year to give at school, she must then stay at home with her mother who is not strong. She got a great fit 4 years ago and was for 2 years sick. I left nothing undone for her and thank God I was successful. She is not strong but able to do her business and attend to her children which is no easy task. If she went that time I do not know what I should have done Hoping this will reach you in due time and find you in good health I remain dear Maggie your ever affectionate cousin,

            Tom O’Dea



….. 1 Patrick WALSH b: 1817 in Castle Erkin, Caherconlish. Co Limerick, IRE, Arr. Australia: 31 Jul 1844  “St Vincent”, d: 10 Dec 1892 in Nth Annandale NSW

….. + Margaret CURRY b: 14 Aug 1819 in Kilcoolen, Co Limerick IRE, Arr. Australia: 20 Oct 1841  “Livingstone”, m: 11 Jul 1846 in Sydney NSW (St.Mary’s), d: 07 May 1881 in Grenfell NSW

……….. 2 Mary WALSH b: 17 Oct 1847 in ‘Dunderaligo’ Yass NSW, d: 28 Apr 1874 in Goulburn NSW

……….. 2 Sarah WALSH b: 21 Aug 1851 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 23 Feb 1866 in Goulburn NSW

……….. 2 Bridget Mary WALSH b: 11 Nov 1852 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 15 Jul 1935 in Petersham NSW

……….. + Patrick Michael CULLINANE m: 20 Apr 1887 in Young NSW

……….. 2 Ellen M CULLINANE b: 1888 in Young NSW, d: 1889 in Grenfell NSW

……….. 2 Cecily Margaret CULLINANE b: 1890 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1952 in Petersham N.S.W

……….. + John WALDRON m: 1918 in Grenfell NSW

……….. 2 Reginald Patrick CULLINANE b: 23 Jan 1893 in Grenfell NSW, d: 26 May 1957 in Burwood NSW

……….. + Christina Ivy McINNES b: 28 Apr 1897 in Middle Arm, NSW, m: 05 Sep 1918 in Condobolin N.S.W, d: 29 Apr 1977 in Burwood NSW

…………….. 3 John Neil CULLINANE (Bishop), b: 1920, d: 13 Aug 2000

…………….. 3 Reginald Patrick CULLINANE b: 30 Oct 1921 in Parkes NSW, d: 03 Aug 1974 in Lewisham, NSW

…………….. 3 Eileen CULLINANE, (Sr Vincentia), b. 1924, d. 03 Feb 2003 in Greenwich Hospital, Ryde, NSW

…………….. 3 Cecily Mary CULLINANE

…………….. + Robert Max J JONES m: 1956 in Burwood N.S.W

…………….. 3 Thea Margaret CULLINANE, b: 1925, d: 04 Oct 2007 in Burwood N.S.W

……….. 2 William R CULLINANE b: 1895 in Grenfell NSW, d: 1895 in Grenfell NSW

……….. 2 Margaret Mary WALSH b: 25 Jan 1855 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 29 May 1925 in Grenfell NSW

……….. + Patrick MCGRATH m: 16 May 1882 in Grenfell NSW

……….. 2 Patrick Joseph WALSH b: 04 Sep 1857 in ‘Kikeamah’ via Young NSW, d: 27 Aug 1909 in ‘Kikeamah’ via Young NSW

……….. + Bedelia (Delia) KENNEDY b: 1861 in IRE, m: 16 May 1882 in Grenfell NSW, d: 01 Jun 1893 in ‘Kikiamah’ Young NSW

…………….. 3 Margaret Mary WALSH b: 1883 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 1919

…………….. + Edward C AGNEW m: 1905 in Annandale NSW

………………….. 4 Frances GRACE AGNEW b: 1905 in Annandale NSW

………………….. 4 Daisy Agnes AGNEW b: 1907 in Annandale NSW

…………….. 3 Anne WALSH b: 1884 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 17 Feb 1963 in Young NSW

…………….. 3 Helena M WALSH b: 1886 in ‘Kikeamah’ nr Young NSW, d: 1962 in Lake Cargelligo NSW

…………….. + George T COTTLE m: 1916 in Annandale NSW

………………….. 4 Delia M COTTLE b: 1917 in Wyalong NSW

………………….. 4 Edward (Ted) COTTLE

………………….. 4 Lilian COTTLE

………………….. 4 Monica COTTLE

…………….. 3 Joseph Patrick WALSH b: 01 Feb 1888, d: 1961

…………….. + Florence Pearl (Flora) McDONALD b: 1890 in Goulburn NSW, m: 17 Aug 1910 in Young NSW, d: 23 Dec 1924 in Young NSW

………………….. 4 Florence Ann WALSH b: 19 Nov 1910 in Grenfell NSW, d: 2007

………………….. + George W HAYDEN m: 1932 in Reg. Coonamble NSW, d: 29 May 1944 in Goulburn NSW

………………….. + Charles Herbert NAPIER b: 1891, m: 1951 in Parkes NSW, d: 27 Mar 1967 in Bimbi NSW

………………….. 4 Margaret Josephine WALSH b: 01 Jun 1913 in Grenfell NSW, d: 16 Aug 1992 in Dubbo NSW

………………….. + William (Bill) HAYDEN m: 1934 in Parkes NSW

………………….. 4 John Joseph WALSH b: 04 Aug 1915 in Grenfell NSW, d: 22 Sep 1992 in Temora NSW

………………….. + Dorothy Agnes GRACE b: 26 Feb 1925 in NSW, m: 17 Mar 1946 in Grenfell NSW, d: 26 Oct 1997 in Temora NSW

………………….. 4 Thomas Patrick WALSH b: 24 Oct 1916 in Grenfell NSW, d: 26 Nov 1986 in Young


………………….. + Phyllis BARNES b: 20 Jan 1924 in Sydney NSW, m: 17 Aug 1946 in Grenfell NSW, d: 19 May 1997 in Grenfell NSW

………………….. 4 Cathleen Mary WALSH b: 03 Aug 1919 in Grenfell NSW, d: 27 Jul 1986 in Parkes NSW

………………….. + James AMOR b: 25 Aug 1921 in Forbes NSW, m: 12 Feb 1947, d: 03 Sep 1975 in Tullamore NSW

………………….. 4 Delia Mary Frances WALSH b: 24 Sep 1921 in Grenfell NSW, d: 21 May 1993 in Boorowa NSW

………………….. + Ronald MITCHELL b: 11 Mar 1920, m: 12 Feb 1942 in Yass NSW, d: 07 Dec 2006 in Boorowa NSW

………………….. 4 Edwin Vincent WALSH b: 04 Jan 1923 in Grenfell NSW, d: 03 May 1992 in Canberra ACT

………………….. + Thelma Ellen NOLAN b: 22 May 1934, m: 17 Feb 1953 in Bribbaree NSW

…………….. 3 Delia WALSH b: 1890 in ‘Kikeamah Young NSW, d: 1972 in Ryde NSW

…………….. + Edward (Ted) FITZPATRICK

………………….. 4 Margaret FITZPATRICK

………………….. + ? PRIESTLEY

…………….. 3 Frances WALSH b: 1891 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: Auburn NSW

…………….. + Aeneas Christopher McDONALD b: 1883 in Goulburn NSW, m: 1939 in Waverley NSW, d: 23 Jan 1941 in Grenfell NSW

…………….. 3 Josephine WALSH b: Apr 1893 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 23 Nov 1894 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW

……….. + Mary Ann TOOHEY b: 13 May 1870 in Dalton NSW, m: 17 May 1894 in ‘Kikeamah’ via Young NSW, d: 22 Dec 1939

…………….. 3 Mary WALSH b: 1895, d: 27 Jan 1986

…………….. + Raymond Arthur JOHNS

…………….. 3 Patrick J WALSH b: 1896 in Young NSW, d: 1952

…………….. 3 Vincent T WALSH b: 1900 in Young NSW, d: 07 Dec 1900

…………….. 3 Leo F WALSH b: 1901 in Young NSW, d: 30 Mar 1978

…………….. 3 Thomas E WALSH b: 1904 in Young NSW, d: 1952

…………….. 3 Monica E WALSH b: 1907 in Young NSW

…………….. 3 Justin James WALSH b: 13 Apr 1909 in ‘Kikiamah’ nr Grenfell NSW, d: 29 Jan 1986 in Goulburn NSW

…………….. + Eileen Mary WHITE b: 02 Feb 1904, m: 26 Oct 1935 in St. Francis Xavier RC Gunning NSW

………………….. 4 Barry James WALSH b: 30 Nov 1938 in NSW

………………….. + Mary P HEFFERNAN m: 12 Jan 1963 in St Brigid’s RC Gurrundah NSW

………………….. 4 John Patrick WALSH b: 30 Jan 1940 in NSW

………………….. + Mary Ann MAHER b: 09 Jul 1945, m: 06 Nov 1965 in St Peter&Paul’s RC Goulburn NSW

………………….. 4 Terrence Justin WALSH b: 19 Oct 1944 in NSW

………………….. + Helen M PEARSON b: 28 Nov 1947, m: 06 Jan 1968, d: 18 Apr 1994

………………….. 4 Child WALSH d. infant

……….. 2 Thomas WALSH b: 04 Sep 1857 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 09 Jun 1944 in Young NSW

……….. 2 Ellen Mary WALSH b: 1862 in ‘Kikeamah’ Young NSW, d: 18 Aug 1889 in Grenfell NSW

……….. + John CULLINANE m: 01 Oct 1888 in Young NSW

….. + Margaret (AGNEW) KENNEDY m: Aft. 1881

To return to Walsh INDEX page, click here.
To go to Chapter FOUR, click here.



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